October
27
1987
Interpretation of the Quran- Long version- Surat Al-Kahf (lesson 2-8): Ayat (7-16), Affliction.
Last update:2016-12-19
Views:389
Send To A Friend
Send copy to myself
* All Fields Required
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of Creations, and Peace and blessings be upon our prophet Muhammad, the faithful and the honest.
 Oh, Allah, we know nothing but what You teach us. You are the All- Knower, the Wise. Oh Allah, teach us what is good for us, and benefit us from what You taught us, and increase our knowledge. Show us the righteous things as righteous and help us to do them, and show us the bad things as bad and help us to keep away from them.
  O Allah our Lord, lead us out from the depths of darkness and illusion, unto the lights of erudition and knowledge, and from the muddy shallows of lusts unto the heavens of Your Vicinity.

 Dear brothers, this is lesson 2 of interpreting Surat Al Kahf. Last lesson we stopped at the following Ayah:

﴾Verily! We have made that which is on earth as an adornment for it, in order that We may test them (mankind) as to which of them are best in deeds. [i.e.those who do good deeds in the most perfect manner, that means to do them (deeds) totally for Allah's sake and in accordance to the legal ways of the Prophet].And verily! We shall make all that is on it (the earth) a bare dry soil (without any vegetation or trees, etc.).﴿

[Al-Kahf, 7-8]

Lusts are subjects of trials:

 These two Ayahs tackle the subject of trials which is one of the greatest Divine Laws in worldly life.
As if the purpose of our creation and existence in the worldly life is to be tried.
 When you are divinely tested, you have to choose one of two options, the first one will please Allah and the other won’t.
  In fact, the Almighty Allah installed in man a set of lusts:

﴾Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world's life; but Allah has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers, etc.) with Him.﴿

[Aal-‘Imran, 14]

There is a profound Divine wisdom behind installing these lusts, and they come with a long list of endeared matters to man’s self on earth, like longing for women, so Allah created women, and like our love of money, so Allah created money which are our means to own things, therefore, Allah installed desires in us and created on earth the things which satisfy these desires.
  When man fulfills his lust by following permissible ways, he will exalt in the sight of Allah twice, once for being obedient and grateful to Allah, and second for refraining from fulfilling his lusts through forbidden ways and accordingly he exalts in the sight of Allah because of his endurance.
 Therefore the believer exalts in the sight of Allah in these two cases.
  When you fulfill your lust of longing for women by getting married, you will exalt in the sight of Allah by being obedient and grateful.
  When you refrain from committing Haram (impermissible things) you will exalt, in the sight of Allah, because of your endurance and remarkable deed.
  Therefore, this lust is our way to enter paradise, and had it not been for lusts, we would never exalt in the sight of the Lord of heavens and earth.
 Hence, Allah installed these lusts in us in order to honor us and to give us the means to exalt our souls in order to deserve the happiness of being close to Allah forever.
 Accordingly, Allah has made that which is on earth as an adornment for it, in order to test us, thus we are subjects of divine tests not only every hour, but every minute and every time we are incited by a lust, and in this case either one of us says:

﴾For I fear Allah; the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns, and all that exists).".﴿

[Al-Ma’idah’, 28]

 And he will exalt to the highest ranks accordingly, or he chooses to hit rock bottom because of this lust and thus he will fall to the lowest of the low.
  Verify, we, as human beings, are in a continuous divine test, and the following Ayah confirms this aspect:

﴾Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: "We believe," and will not be tested.﴿

[Al-Ankabut, 2]

 You are tested in every lust installed in you and every inciting thing which fulfills it, so either you say:

﴾for I fear Allah﴿

[Al-Ma’idah’, 28]

 Or you hit rock bottom because of following after your lust. Allah says:

﴾But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself from impure evil desires, and lusts. Verily, Paradise will be his abode.﴿

[An-Nazi’aat, 40-41]

 For a profound divine wisdom, The Almighty Allah enjoined some acts of worship in Islam which you can’t find in any other religious or earthly laws, like lowering your gaze from which is impermissible to look at, given no law on earth prohibits that.
 The wisdom is: when you obey Allah and lower your gaze, this will indicate your sincerity towards Allah, because you will not be questioned by any other human being or earthy party about violating this Islamic law.
  Some unique Islamic laws are decisive self-evident proofs of the sincerity, towards Allah the Almighty, of the one who obeys them.

﴾But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself from impure evil desires, and lusts. Verily, Paradise will be his abode.﴿

[An-Nazi’aat, 40-41]

 Hence,

﴾Verily! We have made that which is on earth as an adornment for it,﴿

[Al-Kahf, 7]

 Life deceives, hurts and passes.
 The prophet PBUH said:

(( Leave worldly life to its people, for whoever takes more than necessary for himself, is actually unaware that he is bringing himself closer to his demise))

[Kashf Al Khafa’a, reported by Dailami]

 Also Ibn Abbas narrated, Mustawrid bin Shaddad said:

“I was riding with the Messenger of Allah PBUH when he came across a dead lamb that had been thrown out.’ He said: ‘Don’t you think that this is worthless to its owners?’ It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, it is because it is worthless that they have thrown it out, - or words to that effect. He said: ‘By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, this world is more worthless to Allah than this is to its owners.’”

[Ahmad in his Musnad]

﴾Verily! We have made that which is on earth as an adornment for it,﴿

[Al-Kahf, 7]

“We have made that which is on earth as an adornment for it”

  The “adornment” in the previous Ayah indicates the charming gardens, luxurious houses, classy vehicles, beautiful women, tasty food and prestigious social standing.

((The world is sweet and green (alluring)))

 The prophet PBUH said:

“Beware of the ‘khadra- addiman’ They asked what is that, Messenger of Allah. He said: the beautiful woman from a bad environment/upbringing”

[Musnad Ashihab by Qda’i]

 He, who is offered (or presented with) desires, pleasures, impermissible entertainment means, Ikhtilat (mingling between males and females), parties, night clubs and picnics in which Allah is disobeyed, yet he says:

﴾For I fear Allah; the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns, and all that exists).".﴿

[Al-Ma’idah’, 28]

 Do you think his stance will be in vain in the sight of Allah? No way!
 What was the divine response to Yusuf’s PBUH stance when he said?:

﴾"I seek refuge in Allah (or Allah forbid)! Truly, he (your husband) is my master! He made my stay agreeable! (So I will never betray him).﴿

[Yusuf, 23]

 Allah exalted him in the worldly life and in the hereafter and he was appointed as Aziz of Egypt (Governor of Egypt and Chief Officer of the King), but if he sinned (responded to the temptation of the King’s wife), he would have ended up in the lowest of the low.
  Dear brothers, verify you are subject of divine tests every minute, whether in your earning, in your spending, in feasting your eyes on women’s beauty, in lowering your gaze, in your lawful income, in abandoning Haram, in being kind towards your wife, in being dutiful towards your mother, in serving your father or in being a good neighbor. Therefore, you are divinely tried every second of your life.

﴾Verily! We have made that which is on earth as an adornment for it, in order that We may test them (mankind) as to which of them are best in deeds.﴿

[Al-Kahf, 7]

In order that We may test them (mankind):

  “In order that” here is the justification of having these adornments on earth, namely, The Almighty Allah made the desires and worldly adornments subjects of testing the believers and non-believers.

﴾And verily! We shall make all that is on it (the earth) a bare dry soil (without any vegetation or trees, etc.).﴿

[Al-Kahf, 8]

We shall make all that is on it (the earth) a bare dry soil

  Verify that the big house you preferred over pleasing Allah, the beautiful non-religious wife you have chosen over the religious sincere one, the unlawful income you accepted after rejecting the lawful one and the luxurious farm with the outstanding landscape and lush trees or the suspicious bargain you made at the expense of disobeying The Almighty Allah, are your gains in this worldly life and all of which will be in vain because you displeased Allah, and what will be left of all that is the wrath of The Lord.
  Everything you gain at the expense of Allah’s wrath will go away and you will be punished for it. On the other hand, everything you refrain from, for the sake of Allah, will also go away and what remains is your reward for it., so pay heed, for this is a serious matter.

﴾Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish.﴿

[Ar-Rahman, 26]

 Everything will perish including the pleasures, houses, buildings, gardens, farms, women, money, food, drinks, beautiful places or resorts, thus everything on earth is evanescent.
 The attractive places, where Allah is disobeyed, will not last.
  All the parties, in which Allah is disobeyed, will not last.
 Verify ending in a grave is inevitable for every human being.
  No matter how long night might be, dawn surely will break
 No matter how long one might live, descending the grave is a must for him.
  Leaving the worldly life is inevitable sooner or later, and reckoning is coming (in the hereafter) so if you did well in the worldly life you will be rewarded and if you did evil in it, you will be punished.
 The connection between this Ayah and the Story of Ahl Al Kahf might not be obvious to you.

﴾Verily! We have made that which is on earth as an adornment for it, in order that We may test them (mankind) as to which of them are best in deeds. [i.e.those who do good deeds in the most perfect manner, that means to do them (deeds) totally for Allah's sake and in accordance to the legal ways of the Prophet].And verily! We shall make all that is on it (the earth) a bare dry soil (without any vegetation or trees, etc.).﴿

[Al-Kahf, 7-8]

 The meaning of:

﴾ A bare dry soil (without any vegetation or trees, etc.).﴿

[Al-Kahf, 8]

The meaning of “A bare dry soil”:

 It means: the plane land without any high mountains, deep valleys, shores or elevations.

﴾ a bare dry soil (without any vegetation or trees, etc.).﴿

[Al-Kahf, 8]

  Plane and smooth land.

﴾ a bare dry soil (without any vegetation or trees, etc.).﴿

[Al-Kahf, 8]

 A land with no plants or trees.

﴾Verily the likeness of (this) worldly life is as the water (rain) which We send down from the sky, so by it arises the intermingled produce of the earth of which men and cattle eat until when the earth is clad with its adornments and is beautified, and its people think that they have all the powers of disposal over it, Our Command reaches it by night or by day and We make it like a clean-mown harvest, as if it had not flourished yesterday!﴿

[Yunus, 24]

 It is like a harvested land.

The connection with story of the people of the cave:

  Let us go back to the connection between this Ayah and the story of Ahl Al Kahf.
 The Almighty Allah is telling us that those young men were tested by Allah and passed the test. They were tried by Allah by being put face to face with a difficult choice, either they follow those polytheists and save their lives, or believe in Allah and die, but they prefered to believe and they ran away with their religion, and thus Allah protected them. This is the summary of the story.

The beginning of the story of Ahl Al Kahf:

﴾ a bare dry soil (without any vegetation or trees, etc.).﴿

[Al-Kahf, 8]

 O Mohammad!

﴾Do you think that the people of the Cave and the Inscription (the news or the names of the people of the Cave) were a wonder among Our Signs?﴿

[Al-Kahf,9]

 The story of Ahl Al Kahf is not the most wonderful miracle of Allah’s miracles, for Allah’s miracles are all amazing and this miracle is only one of those miracles.

﴾Do you think that the people of the Cave ﴿

[Al-Kahf,9]

 The cave is a spacious cavern.

﴾And the Inscription (the news or the names of the people of the Cave)﴿

[Al-Kahf,9]

The meaning of “Raqeem” (inscription):

 Scholars interpreted “Raqeem” differently.

  The first meaning: A stone tablet:

 Some of them interpreted it as the stone tablet on which the names of Ahl Al Kahf were inscribed on the entry of the cave.

 The second meaning: it is a name of a valley:

 Others said that “Raqeem” is the name of the valley in which the cave is located.

 The third meaning: it is the name of the mountain (in which the cave, they resorted to, is located):
  Some scholars said: It is the name of the mountain in which the cave is located.

 The forth meaning: it is the name of their dog:

 Others said: it is the name of the dog which accompanied them.
  Anyway, no useful knowledge will be gained by knowing the meaning of “Raqeem”.

﴾Do you think that the people of the Cave and the Inscription (the news or the names of the people of the Cave) were a wonder among Our Signs?﴿

[Al-Kahf,9]

 This is Istifham Inkari (denouncing interrogation) which means: this story (the long sleep of the young men) is not beyond Allah’s Power, however it breaks the universal law with which people are familiar.

A proof of Karamat which might occur to the Awliya:

 Speaking of which, this story is considered as a proof of the existence of Karamat (plural of Karamah which means a supernatural event which happens through a believing righteous person).
 Miracles are for prophets, whereas Karamat are for Awliya (plural of Wali who is the believing pious person), and since the people of the cave are not prophets yet they are believers, thus what happened to them is categorized as Karamah.
 According to scholars, Karamat are of two kinds: The first kind breaks the laws with which people are familiar, and the second kind doesn’t.
  Being alive for 300 years in addition to preserving their bodies all that time from being decomposed and decayed breaks the familiar laws, therefore, this is Karamah for Ahl Al Kahf.
 The sort of Karamat which don’t break any laws is like the Karamah of knowledge and wisdom.
 When Allah Lets you know Him, He is bestowing Karamah upon you, honoring you, exalting you and lifting you to a very high rank.
  Because Allah is The Knower, He loves the knowledgeable person, given Allah gives knowledge and wisdom to those He loves, and gives money to both the ones He loves and the ones He doesn’t love.
It is crucial to know that Allah bestows worldly life upon those He loves and those He doesn’t love, thus, being rich in this worldly life doesn’t measure how much Allah Loves you, for money can be a grace for some people whom Allah loves, and it might not be the same for others. One can’t say: “I am rich, therefore Allah loves me”. This measurement is not acceptable at all.
  When Allah gives you worldly life, he is honoring you, and in return you should be grateful to Him and never consider the money you own, as a measurement to how much Allah loves you. Owning money is an insignificant indication in the sight of Allah due to the fact that even those, who Allah doesn’t love, own money, in addition to another fact that money is an evanescent thing which comes to an end because of death, therefore it is not a Divine Grace, given whatever comes to an end because of death is not a Grace from The Generous (Allah).

﴾Do you think that the people of the Cave and the Inscription (the news or the names of the people of the Cave) were a wonder among Our Signs? (Remember) when the young men fled for refuge (from their disbelieving folk) to the Cave,﴿

[Al-Kahf,9-10]

Within the youth you can sense the breeze of paradise:

  Scholars said: “Young” is an indication that within youth you can sense the breeze of paradise.
Consider the following question: who followed the prophets who were sent by Allah to their people? They were the youth of their people, and who opposed prophets? They were the elders who were deep- seated in Kufr, who had interests, who owned money, who had high social standing and who were the powerful, and they opposed the truth in order to keep their interests, their social standing and their possessions. The youth are mentioned by the prophet PBUH as follows:

 It was reported in the relic that the prophet PBUH said:

((Allah, the Exalted, takes pride in a worshipping young man before the angels and says, "Look at My servant; he gave up his lust for the sake of Me."))

[Mentioned in relic]

((I love three among people, but I love other three more; I love the obedient, yet I love the young obedient more…))

 The youth are in the age of lusts eruption, in the age of adolescence, are in the age of longing to the worldly life and have the fantasy of indulging in its pleasures, thus when a young man lowers his gaze from everything which is impermissible by Allah, and when a young man is so keen on gaining lawful money, therefore he is in the most exalted ranks of obedience to Allah. The prophet PBUH said:

((Whoever reaches forty years and his goodness did not overcome his evil, then let him prepare for a station in hell-fire)).

[Dailami in Al Firdaos by Ali]

 Bad habits die hard, for whoever spends his youth in something will still have it in his old age, will die having it and will be resurrected as such.

﴾(Remember) when the young men﴿

[Al-Kahf, 10]

  Young men.

﴾ to the Cave,﴿

[Al-Kahf,10]

What is the story of resorting to the cave by those young men?

  According to some interpretations: Those young men were living in an era ruled by a Mushrik (polytheist) ruler who was against Tawheed (monotheism), and he ordered to kill whoever opposed him, therefore, those young men didn’t have much of a choice, for either they would become Mushriks, with those who did, and would worship besides Allah things that don’t hurt nor benefit them, , or they would become monotheists and would worship Allah the Almighty and in this case they would be killed by that ruler. Though the choice was hard, those young men preferred obeying Allah over anything else.

But I hope to find sweetness in You (O Allah) when life becomes bitter
And I hope to find You pleased when the people become angry
Let the connection between You and I, be fully built up
Even if it means ruin for my connection with the people

﴾(Remember) when the young men fled for refuge (from their disbelieving folk) to the Cave, they said: "Our Lord! Bestow on us mercy from Yourself, and facilitate for us our affair in the right way!"﴿

[Al-Kahf, 10]

Each era has its young men with a cave to which they resort:

 Allah Wants to see us taking the same stance those young men took.
 The time will come to a period of commotion (fitnah).
  If you see overwhelming stinginess, desires being followed, this world being preferred (to the Hereafter), every person with an opinion feeling proud of it, you should Keep to your house, control your tongue, accept what you approve, abandon what you disapprove, attend to your own affairs, and leave alone the affairs of the generality.
 Mingling between males and females (Ikhtilat) holds potential for all sorts of sins, violations and fornication, therefore it is preferable to avoid it and one would better stay at home to protect his/her religion, and to this effect Allah says:

﴾(Remember) when the young men fled for refuge (from their disbelieving folk) to the Cave﴿

[Al-Kahf, 10]

 The cave is the cavern in the mountain, but also the Masjid or your house can be your own cave to which you resort when conflicts prevail. Hence, when you are keen on your religion and want to protect it from blazing conflicts at the ends of days, either you resort to your Masjid or to your own house.

﴾(Remember) when the young men fled for refuge (from their disbelieving folk) to the Cave, they said: "Our Lord"﴿

[Al-Kahf, 10]

They said: "Our Lord! Bestow on us mercy from Yourself:


  “Lord” is the closest Name of Allah’s Names to us, for the word “Lord” embraces the meanings of The Educator, The Creator, The Bestower and The Observer.

﴾They said: "Our Lord! Bestow on us mercy from Yourself﴿

[Al-Kahf, 10]

 Mercy brings comfort to the body and the soul, and thus security is but mercy.

﴾(He) Who has fed them against hunger, and has made them safe from fear. ﴿

[Quraish, 4]

 Mercy embraces provision, security, health, the good wife, the dutiful children, the dwelling, the good reputation and being without imperfections.

﴾They said: "Our Lord! Bestow on us mercy from Yourself﴿

[Al-Kahf, 10]

 Mercy also embraces Tajalli (the divine lights which are casted in man’s heart), tranquility, trust in Allah’s Just, endurance and gratefulness.

﴾Bestow on us mercy from Yourself, and facilitate for us our affair in the right way!"﴿

[Al-Kahf, 10]

The effect of the right way in one’s behavior:

 When man is obedient to Allah, He will be divinely guided, protected, bestowed with the right vision with which he can take the right decision and this will bring about extensive goodness which accompanies him till the end of his life.
 On the other hand, when man is heedless, he will be afflicted with benightedness and weak-mindedness and accordingly, he will take poor decisions which will be the reason of his misery till the end of his life.

﴾And facilitate for us our affair in the right way!"﴿

[Al-Kahf, 10]

  The believer asks always for Allah’s guidance before taking any decision, in addition to being keen on abiding by the Quran.
  If you are about to buy a commodity, you should ask first: does buying it please Allah or not? does my way of treating others please Allah or not? Does my marriage, after choosing this particular woman, please Allah or not? Does the partnership I am about to do please Allah or my partner is not religious enough and thus he would drag me to earn unlawful money or to commit sins, so should I make him my partner? By asking these questions, one will be so keen on abiding by the Quran.

﴾And facilitate for us our affair in the right way!"﴿

[Al-Kahf, 10]

 How wonderful to be in the right way.

﴾And he, to whom Hikmah is granted, is indeed granted abundant good.﴿

[Al-Baqarah, 269]

 It is about being on the right way in treating your family for example. A man might be fool enough to divorce his wife and might become miserable because of that divorce.
 Another might wrong others and lose his job accordingly. Hence, either you are wise or foolish (this is what Hikmah is all about). Allah says:

﴾And he, to whom Hikmah is granted, is indeed granted abundant good.﴿

[Al-Baqarah, 269]

 Allah continues telling us the rest of the story.

﴾Therefore We covered up their (sense of) hearing (causing them, to go in deep sleep) in the Cave for a number of years.﴿

[Al-Kahf, 11]

Therefore We covered up their (sense of) hearing:

 As you all know, when man sleeps he closes his eyes, and the only way to wake him up is making a sound. When you are awake, you can avoid perils by seeing them, but when you are asleep and your eyes are closed, what wakes you up? The sound is the only way to wake you up. This is why Allah says:

﴾Therefore We covered up their (sense of) hearing﴿

[Al-Kahf, 11]

 The ear, for the sleeping man, is the only way to wake him up.

﴾Therefore We covered up their (sense of) hearing (causing them, to go in deep sleep) in the Cave for a number of years.﴿

[Al-Kahf, 11]

 Those young men spent prolonged years in a sleeping state.

﴾Then We raised them up (from their sleep), that We might test which of the two parties was best at calculating the time period that they had tarried.﴿

[Al-Kahf, 12]

The meaning of “that we might test”:

  “That we might test which of the two parties was best” has a very strong indication: it means to seek to ascertain (of what Allah already knows), so it means to know about something which already took place and which is known already by The Almighty Allah.

﴾Then We raised them up (from their sleep), that We might test﴿

[Al-Kahf, 12]

 To know for sure.

﴾ which of the two parties ﴿

[Al-Kahf, 12]

 The polytheist and the believers were in competition to know how long Ahl Al Kahf stayed in the cave.

﴾ which of the two parties was best at calculating the time period that they had tarried.﴿

[Al-Kahf, 12]

 It seems that The Almighty Allah summarizes the entire Story of Ahl Al Kahf in these four Ayahs, and then He starts telling us the details of it.

﴾Therefore We covered up their (sense of) hearing (causing them, to go in deep sleep) in the Cave for a number of years.﴿

[Al-Kahf, 11]

 When they said:

﴾They said: "Our Lord! Bestow on us mercy from Yourself﴿

[Al-Kahf, 10]

 The Mercy they sought from Allah is to protect them from the conflict and from being killed. Therefore, when they invoked Allah they asked Him to guide them to the right way, and Allah answered them and put them in a long sleep till this tyrant ruler, who made people worship partners with Allah, was gone.

﴾Then We raised them up (from their sleep), that We might test which of the two parties ﴿

[Al-Kahf, 12]

 “The two parties” are the believers and the polytheists.

﴾was best at calculating﴿

[Al-Kahf, 12]

Who among the two parties was more accurate in their calculation?

﴾The time period that they had tarried. We﴿

[Al-Kahf, 12-13]

 When Allah uses the pronoun “We”, this indicates that the Karamah, He bestowed upon them, embraces the meanings of His entire Beautiful Names:

﴾"Verily! I am Allah!﴿

[Ta-Ha, 14]

We narrate unto you their story with truth:

 When Allah refers to His Glorified Entity, He uses the singular pronoun “I”, but when Allah refers to His Actions, He uses the plural pronoun “We”.

﴾We narrate unto you (O Muhammad) ﴿

[Al-Kahf, 13]

 O Mohammad!

﴾We narrate unto you (O Muhammad) their story with truth:﴿

[Al-Kahf, 13]

The meaning of: “with truth”:

 The meaning of “with truth” is that it accords with reality.
  “We narrate unto you (O Mohammad) their story with truth” means that this reporting is true and it accords with reality. Allah said so because the Jews, in their scriptures, added false details to this story and they diverted from the true narration.
 The interpretation books mentioned that the Jews meant to embarrass the prophet PBUH in order to refute his call and to show the infidels that he has no knowledge of these stories, and the proof is manifested in asking him about this story, so when they did, Allah revealed it in order to prove the prophethood of Mohammad PBUH.

﴾We narrate unto you (O Muhammad) their story with truth: Truly! They were young men who believed in their Lord (Allah), and We increased them in guidance.﴿

[Al-Kahf, 13]

They were young men who believed in their Lord (Allah):

 This is the compulsive guidance: “We increased them in guidance”.
 Why is it compulsive?
 When you choose faith, Allah will cast comfort in your heart, will bring you together with the people of the truth, will protect you from hardship, will raise high your fame, will encourage you and will cast His Light in your heart, given all these graces are the outcome of seeking guidance from Allah by your side.

﴾We narrate unto you (O Muhammad) their story with truth: Truly! They were young men who believed in their Lord (Allah),﴿

[Al-Kahf, 13]

 They believed in this Generous Lord through reflecting on the universe and through the signs which Allah spread in the heavens and earth. They believed in their Lord, they relied on Him, they put their trust in Him, they left their destiny in His hand and they submitted to Him, and as a result they deserved the rewarded guidance.

﴾ and We increased them in guidance.﴿

[Al-Kahf, 13]

 When a student is accepted to attend a university, he will have the privilege of a monthly paycheck, free use of the library, free room to live in and cheap food, so he deserves all these privileges because he decided to go to the university.

﴾And We made their hearts firm and strong (with the light of Faith in Allah and bestowed upon them patience to bear the separation of their kith and kin and dwellings, etc.) ﴿

[Al-Kahf, 14]

he meaning of making their hearts firm and strong:

  The meaning of:

﴾And We made their hearts firm and strong (with the light of Faith in Allah and bestowed upon them patience to bear the separation of their kith and kin and dwellings, etc.) ﴿

[Al-Kahf, 14]

 “We made their hearts firm and strong” means they became self-composed.
  When man says:

﴾You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).﴿

[Al-Fatihah, 5]

 He is choosing to obey The Almighty Allah with determination, and thus Allah helps him in obeying Him.
 Do you want to know the meaning of: La Hawla Wala Quwata Illa Billah (there is no power or might except through Allah)? It means: you can’t avoid sins but through His help, and you won’t have the power to obey Him without His help.
 When man takes pride in his uprightness and starts looking down on people, it will be very easy for Allah to weaken his resistance against sins which will result in backsliding. Allah says:

﴾You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).﴿

[Al-Fatihah, 5]

 Allah says:

﴾You (Alone) we worship﴿

[Al-Fatihah, 5]

 Unless one says:

﴾and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).﴿

[Al-Fatihah, 5]

 Allah will weaken his resistance against sins and as a result he will backslide. Therefore, the summit of success in the religion is reached by being modest, submissive and in need of Allah.

The only means I have is my poverty and need for You
and by my destitution for You I try to evade my poverty
The only scheme for me is my knocking at Your door
but if I am turned back, then which door would I knock?

 Hence:

﴾They were young men who believed in their Lord (Allah), and We increased them in guidance. And We made their hearts firm and strong (with the light of Faith in Allah and bestowed upon them patience to bear the separation of their kith and kin and dwellings, etc.) when they stood up﴿

[Al-Kahf, 13-14]

The meaning of: When they stood up:

 The first meaning:

 When they were before this tyrant ruler who forced them to follow polytheism.

 The second meaning:

  When they fled with their religion.
  It is in any way a word of many senses.
  Allah had cast tranquility in their hearts.
  Some people fear other creations, while others fear Allah alone, so when you are with Allah you will be respected and feared by everything, and when you turn away from Him, He will make you fear everything.
 Therefore:

﴾We shall cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve, because they joined others in worship with Allah,﴿

[Aal-‘Imran, 151]

 There is a divine law which goes as follows: The minute man joins partners with The Almighty Allah, fear will be cast in his heart by Allah.

﴾And We made their hearts firm and strong (with the light of Faith in Allah and bestowed upon them patience to bear the separation of their kith and kin and dwellings, etc.) when they stood up and said: "Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, never shall we call upon any ilah (god) other than Him;﴿

[Al-Kahf, 14]

Tawheed is the foundation of rectifying one’s religious status:

  This is Tawheed.
 Servants of Allah never learned better than Tawheed.
 Tawheed is the gist of The Religion of Islam.
  Tawheed is to believe in Allah as the Only God, The Only Arranger of affairs, The Only Exalter, The Only  Superb Provider, The Only Abaser, The Only Expander and The Only Withholder.

If you were with me in all my conditions
I would unburden myself from all concerns
We come to You (The Ever-Affluent) poor of means
Knowing that you are The Generous
And we are used to Your Divine Virtues
Hoping that You Bestow upon us continuous graces

 “Never shall we call upon any ilah (god) other than Him” means those idols you are taking as partners with Allah shall never be like Allah, and what a great difference between the Creator of the heavens and earth and those you are taking as partners with Him.

﴾If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of each and everything).﴿

[Fatir, 14]

  Almighty Allah says:

﴾And Shaitan (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: "Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, so you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a partner with Allah (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.)."﴿

[Ibrahim, 22]

﴾ Never shall we call upon any ilah (god) other than Him;﴿

[Al-Kahf, 14]

Never shall we call upon any ilah (god) other than Him

 When you offer night prayers say the following: “O My Lord, you are the Only God, I disowned my power and mightiness, and sought shelter in Your Power and Mightiness, O You my Lord of the Strongest Power.” Relinquish every person you rely on, you feel secure with or you ever sought his support and rely on The Almighty Allah alone, and only then He will exalt you.

﴾And We made their hearts firm and strong (with the light of Faith in Allah and bestowed upon them patience to bear the separation of their kith and kin and dwellings, etc.) when they stood up and said: "Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, never shall we call upon any ilah (god) other than Him; if we did, we should indeed have uttered﴿

[Al-Kahf, 14]

 In case we call upon any Ilah (god) other than You,

﴾We should indeed have uttered an enormity in disbelief.﴿

[Al-Kahf, 14]

Shirk is uttering an enormity in falsehood:

 This is the very falsehood within which there is extremism, excessiveness, corruption and deviation from the right path.

﴾"These our people have taken for worship aliha (gods) other than Him (Allah). ﴿

[Al-Kahf, 15]

  In any era.

There should be denouncement towards the Mushrik:

﴾Have you seen him who takes his own lust (vain desires) as his ilah (god),﴿

[Al-Jathiyah, 23]

 The meaning is very obvious. The one, who follows after his lusts, is elevating them to a Divine status and is turning his desires into a god he worships.
  The one, who prefers money over pleasing Allah, is turning money to a god he worships.
 The one, who pleases his wife at the expense of disobeying Allah, is making his wife a god he worships.

((Abu Hurairah (May allah be pleased with ihm) reported:
The Prophet PBUH said, "May he be miserable, the worshipper of the dinar and dirham, and the worshipper of the striped silk cloak. If he is given anything, he is satisfied; but if not, he is unsatisfied".))

[Sahih Bukhari]

﴾"These our people have taken for worship aliha (gods) other than Him (Allah). Why do they not bring for them a clear authority?﴿

[Al-Kahf, 15]

You should seek authentication when conveying somthing:

 The rational thinking says: claim whatever you want, but where is the evidence to support your claims?
The following rule is considered by the scholars of Elm Al Usool (the science of the principles of Islamic Jurisprudence): “If you are conveying something you should seek authentication, and if you are claiming something, you should bring forward evidence to support your claims”
 Claim whatever you want, but you should bring proofs to support your claims. Say whatever you like, but where is the proof? In order to have me by your side, you should support your claims with evidence; otherwise, every insubstantial claim is but ignorance.
 Those, who join partners with Allah, are doing so without any evidence.

﴾And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allah, any other ilah (god), of whom he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely! Al-Kafirun (the disbelievers in Allah and in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, pagans, idolaters, etc.) will not be successful.﴿

[Al-Mu’minun, 117]

﴾"These our people have taken for worship aliha (gods) other than Him (Allah). Why do they not bring for them a clear authority?﴿

[Al-Kahf, 15]

 This means: cogent evidence which is obvious and rational.

﴾And who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah.﴿

[Al-Kahf, 15]

The gravest error is to join partners with Allah:

 When man joins partners with Allah without a cogent proof, he is inventing a lie against Allah.
Consider the example of going to the janitor, in a government department, pleading to have your papers signed instead of going to the general manager whose signature is the one required; would not that be foolishness of you?
 What is the value of the janitor’s signature on your papers? Though his job is respected, he has authority to sign your papers and leave request and he can’t help you, therefore, when you don’t know who is authorized then that in itself is ignorance.
Much in the same line, you should know that all your affairs are in the hand of The Almighty Allah:

﴾and to Him return all affairs (for decision).﴿

[Hud, 123]

 To Him return all of your affairs and the affairs of your enemies, dear ones, your family, your children, your health, your career and your income.

﴾and to Him return all affairs (for decision).﴿

[Hud, 123]

 When Allah says to you: O my servant, worship Me and I will suffice you”, then you should know that all your affairs are in His Hand.

﴾And to Him return all affairs (for decision). So worship Him (O Muhammad) and put your trust in Him. ﴿

[Hud, 123]

﴾"These our people have taken for worship aliha (gods) other than Him (Allah). Why do they not bring for them a clear authority? And who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah. (The young men said to one another): "And when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship, except Allah,﴿

[Al-Kahf, 15-16]

The lawful (permitted) withdrawal from a society:

  We had discussed before the topic of Al Uzlah (the permitted withdrawal from the society) and all about its ethics in the book “Ihya’a Uloom Addeen” by Al Ghazali.
  I explained to you that when you are surrounded with corruption, Uzlah becomes an obligation, and when you are in a pious society, being active in it becomes obligatory.
  In general, Uzlah has its different rulings, and as for Ahl Al Kahf, they decided to withdraw from their Mushrik people.

﴾ (The young men said to one another): "And when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship, except Allah,﴿

[Al-Kahf, 16]

  The most accurate interpretation of the following Ayah:

﴾"And when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship﴿

[Al-Kahf, 16]

And when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship:

 You should withdraw from the Mushrik and that which he worships, but if your society is worshiping Allah, you shouldn’t withdraw from them.
 Therefore, Ahl Al Kahf took the decision of withdrawing from their people because the latter were indulged in Shirk and sins, so the withdrawal of Ahl Al Kahf was because their society joined partners with Allah.

﴾"And when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship﴿

[Al-Kahf, 16]

 In order to stay away from the people of Shirk, you should stay away from all their distractions, desires, goals, methods, traditions, customs and whatever is related to them, because you might be dragged to their muddy swamp.

﴾"And when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship, except Allah,﴿

[Al-Kahf, 16]

 However in case they are worshiping The Almighty Allah, you shouldn’t withdraw from them, because you are not allowed to avoid anyone for his personality, but you should avoid him for his bad deeds only, and when he turns back to the right path, he becomes a brother in faith to you, and the minute this Mushrik turns back to the circle of faith, you should reach out to him.
  Umair Ibn Wahab said to Safwan: “Were it not for my debts and the fear of the hardship that would befall my children after I’m gone, I would surely go and rid you of Muhammad”, and what Safwan said in reply: “As for your children, they will be my children for as long as they live, and as for your debts, I will assume them no matter the amount, so go about your design.” So Umair poisoned his blade, got on his mount and headed towards Medina to kill Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When he reached Medina, Umar saw him and said: “Here is Allah’s enemy, he’s after some evil.” So he tied him up with the belt of his sword and drove him to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When he brought him in this way into the presence of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, the Prophet said:
  “Release him, Umar.”
  Umar said: “This is Allah’s enemy seeking some evil!” He said:
  “Release him, Umar.”
 So Umar released him. Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Umar:
  “Move away from him.”
  Then he said:
  “Come closer, Umair.”
  This he did. Then he said:
 “Sit down.”
  So he sat down. He said:
  “Greet us.”
 So Umair said:
  “Good morning to you, Muhammad.” So he said:
  “Rather say: Peace be upon you.”
  He said:
  “You are not that far removed from the pre-islamic greeting; this is how we greet ourselves.”
  The Noble Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him with compassion:
  “O Umair, what brings you to us?”
 He said:
  “I seek to liberate my son.”
  He said:
  “And what about that sword on your shoulder?”
  He said:
  “Damned swords; they were useless at Badr.”
  He said:
  “O Umair, didn’t you say to Safwan: ‘Were it not for my debts and the fear of the hardship that would befall my children after I’m gone, I would surely go and rid you of Muhammad?’ ”
 So Umair stood up and said: “I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allah, for what I said to Safwan was in confidence, and no one on the face of this earth heard me talk to Safwan. ” And he entered Islam.
  I mentioned this story for one purpose: Umair Bin Wahab was more detested to Umar than a pig when ‘Umair entered upon Allah’s Messenger in order to kill him and rid pagans of Mecca of him. But when ‘Umair got out of Allah’s Messenger’s place, after having embraced Islam and become a truthful devoted Muslim, he became dearer to Umar than some of his own children.
 End of discussion.
 You shouldn’t hate such or such person for his personality, rather you should hate his bad deeds, and when he turns back to the religion, he becomes a brother to you in faith.

﴾"And when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship, except Allah,﴿

[Al-Kahf, 16]

The meaning of the exception: “Except Allah”:

 “Except Allah” is a justified exception, namely, if they worshipped Allah alone then one should withdraw from them and they become their brothers in faith.

﴾Then seek refuge in the Cave, your Lord will open a way for you from His Mercy and will make easy for you your affair (i.e. will give you what you will need of provision, dwelling, etc.)."﴿

[Al-Kahf, 16]

 The cave of Ahl Al Kahf is a real cave, but it denotes the figurative cave (whether your house or your Masjid) to which you must resort if you fear for your religion, your uprightness, your Aqeedah or fear to disobey Allah, and in all these cases you should withdraw from those who might drag you to sins.

﴾(The young men said to one another): "And when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship, except Allah, then seek refuge in the Cave, your Lord will open a way for you from His Mercy and will make easy for you your affair (i.e. will give you what you will need of provision, dwelling, etc.)."﴿

[Al-Kahf, 16]

 Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

((Allah's Messenger PBUH said, "A time will soon come when the best property of a Muslim will be sheep which he will take on the top of mountains and the places of rainfall (valleys) so as to flee with his religion from afflictions." ))

[Bukhari]

 Narrated Abi Burdah Bin Abi Musa, that his father, May Allah be pleased with them all, said that the prophet PBUH said:

Allah's Messenger PBUH said, "The example of a good companion (who sits with you) in comparison with a bad one, is like that of the musk seller and the blacksmith's bellows (or furnace); from the first you would either buy musk or enjoy its good smell while the bellows would either burn your clothes or your house, or you get a bad nasty smell thereof."

[Sahih Bukhari]

  It is preferable that you go to a religious session in which the Quran is recited and interpreted, instead of staying alone at home.
 Hence if you are invited to a party, in which there will be gleeful songs and dance, it is better for you to stay at home alone than sinning in such places.
 This is the summary of this topic.
 We will continue the story of Ahl Al Kahf next lecture inshallah.

﴾And you might have seen the sun, when it rose, declining to the right from their Cave, and when it set, turning away from them to the left, while they lay in the midst of the Cave. That is (one) of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs) of Allah. He whom Allah guides, is rightly guided; but he whom He sends astray, for him you will find no Wali (guiding friend) to lead him (to the right Path).﴿

[Al-Kahf, 17]

Translation  : Noura Sharabi
Edited by      : Ghada homad