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June
26
1998
Interpretation of the Quran- Surat Al- Baqarah (2) - Lesson( 1): An introduction to the name of the Sura_ The Meccan and Madinite Verses.
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Praise be to Allah, the Lord of Creations, and Peace and blessings be upon our prophet Muhammad, the faithful and the honest.
 Oh, Allah, we know nothing but what You teach us. You are the All- Knower, the Wise. Oh Allah, teach us what is good for us, and benefit us from what You taught us, and increase our knowledge. Show us the righteous things as righteous and help us to do them, and show us the bad things as bad and help us to keep away from them.
  O Allah our Lord, lead us out from the depths of darkness and illusion, unto the lights of erudition and knowledge, and from the muddy shallows of lusts unto the heavens of Your Vicinity.

Dear Brothers, today we start the interpretation of the chapter (sura) “Al-Baqarah”, because of a reason which I will explain to you before I proceed interpretation. O Brothers, this lesson, with the grace of Allah the Almighty, was from about twenty-five years ago; in the beginning, the interpretation was of selected verses from the Holy Quran. Then I started from “Sura Lukman”, and continued to the end of the Quran. The clear recording started from the last part, and before it recordings were unclear. Then I came back to “Surat Yunus” and followed the interpretation to “Sura Lukman”. At that time, according to the plan, I had to go back to the chapter “Al-Baqarah”. This means that I interpreted the last third of the Quran (ten parts), then the second third, and then the first third. For one reason or another, I continued the interpretation to the end of the twenty-ninth part . The last part is well interpreted, and recorded very clearly, but now, according to the plan, we go back to the first section, because all verses from “Sura Hud” to the end of the Quran are interpreted and recorded very clearly on tapes, and I supplicate Allah, Almighty, that I can interpret the first third.

Everything in the world is transient, except a work which is related to the Hereafter :

Today we begin the interpretation of “Sura Al-Baqarah”, but I’ll give you this fact: everything in the world is transient, except a work which is related to the Hereafter. If any one of the present brothers, has no work related to the Hereafter, then he has a great loss; the world is transient, the houses disappear. Notice: the dead person has left everything except a righteous work which goes with him in his grave. Allah, Almighty, says:

﴾ Say to them -the infidels-: «This is my way of presenting divine inducements to the people, based on clear and comprehensible evidence; inducements which I, in collaboration with those who follow me, use to invite people to the path of Allah; glory to Him, and extolled are His glorious attributes wherefore never do I incorporate with Him other deities» (108) ﴿

[Yusuf]

Every person who follows the Prophet of Allah, peace be upon him, should call to Allah in one way or another. I have told you before: be righteous and all will be righteous with you. The sincere attitude is a call to Allah, the honest attitude is a call, piety is a call, honesty is a call, and skillfulness is a call. Everyone may have a good work , and this deed causes the expansion of Muslim communities; therefore, calling for the obedience to Allah is a religious duty of every Muslim.

Calling to Allah is within the limits of what you know and whom you know. Every person who has attended a scholarly council, and listened to the interpretation, becomes responsible; he would be asked to convey this to others either verbally, or by tape, or by meeting. You must speak after you have heard, you must give after that you have taken, and that is what will remain.

What drives the believer in the call to Allah is the speech of the Messenger of Allah; and, I swear by Allah, O brothers, that if I read this speech thousands of times, it is not enough :

((If Allah guides a man by way of you, then it is better for you than the world and what is in it))

[Al-Boukhari from Sahl bin Sa'd]

((I swear by Allah, that if Allah guides a man by way of you, then it is better for you than the red camels))

[Accepted upon narration from Sahl bin Sa'd]

((It is better for him than all of what the sun rises upon))

[Narrated by Al-Tabarani from Abu Rafe’e]

Invitatory “jihad” is one of the greatest types of “jihad” :

Jihad, as you know, is the pinnacle of Islam, and if a person dies without struggling, or told his self about “Al Jihad”, then he will die with some hypocrisy in his heart.

Invitatory “jihad” is one of the greatest types of “jihad”, and the proof is the saying of Allah, Almighty :

﴾ Therefore, do not yield O Muhammad to the infidels and wage against them spiritual warfare by the divine means -the Quran- But should they wage war against you, then fight back by physical means (52) ﴿

[Al-Furqan]

It is very nice to fill the mosque with students of religious knowledge, and it is even more beautiful to spread religious knowledge outside the mosque. It is so beautiful that each one of us thinks about how to transfer the truth to his brother, his friend, the neighbor, to the staff of his shop, to his colleagues, and to his relatives; because all of us, the attending brothers, are one party. However, heroism is to enter into this good gathering, if Allah wills, new actors. So, each person is asked to look for some of his relatives, his colleagues, his neighbors, his followers, and others who are on a lower or a higher level than him, in one way or another, in order to spread this truth which remains. You see that people die and they cannot take anything with them, except a righteous work that they have done for the sake of Allah, the Almighty. Therefore, the teaching of knowledge is one of the greatest righteous works.

Announcing the truth is the job of the Prophets :

﴾ And who has a better discourse or thoughts expressed in words than he whose discourse induces to the belief in Allah, His Oneness and Uniqueness, and deals with His nature and attributes and he aspires to deeds of wisdom and piety, and proclaims: «I am one of those who conform to Islam and effectuate unqualified obedience to His commands? » (33) ﴿

[Fussilat]

Whenever the truth spreads, righteousness becomes easier :

Dear brothers, we began this lesson in 1976, with four persons only, and you can see this attendance now, which is by the grace of Allah Almighty. Those who come to seek knowledge, and to learn the words of Allah, Almighty, and the “Sunnah” of His Messenger (PBUH), are those whose deeds are for the sake of Allah, The Greatest.

So, heroism is to learn and teach; to listen and to speak, to receive and to give, because the Prophet, peace be upon him, says :

((The best person of you is he who learns “The Quran” and teaches it))

[Al-Boukhari from Othman]

By all means, an absolute charity, and whenever the ranges of truth are wider, the ranges of falsehood become narrower; whenever the truth spreads, righteousness becomes easier. Allah, Almighty, says :

﴾ …Allah exhorts you people who have conformed to Islam to keep in awe of Him and to entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him so that Heaven may prosper you. (31) ﴿

[Al-Nour]

And He, the Greatest, says :

﴾ Hold firmly together and grasp the eternal and unchangeable sublime system of Allah! Lay hold of it with the mind and do not be discordant among yourselves (103) ﴿

[Al-‘Imran]

All glory is to Allah, Almighty, and this “Holy Quran” is Allah’s table. This “Holy Quran” is the strong rope of Allah, His True Constitution, the Straight Path, the right method. This book will never be affected by falsehood, neither in front of it, nor behind it. This book contains the news of those who had come before your era, and the mention of those who will come after your era. In the Quran there is the command and the forbiddance, the lawful and unlawful, the news of former nations, and scenes from the “Day of Resurrection”.

Truly, glory be to Allah, Almighty, that the chapters from the chapter “Yunus” to the end of the Quran are interpreted in detail, and the interpretation is recorded very clearly on tapes; so, today we start with the first third of this Holy Book, the Quran, and we start with the chapter “Al-Baqarah”.

The first point: this chapter was named “Al-Baqarah” to emphasize belief in “The Day of Resurrection” :

Before we begin the interpretation of this chapter, certainly we must ask this question: “Why was it called “Al-Baqarah”, when the cow is not a familiar animal in the Arabian Peninsula?” In fact, this cow, which the first chapter in the Quran after “Al-Fatiha” was named after, has a story. There was a very rich man of the Nation of Israel. He was a very wealthy man, and he did not have children. And so, he was killed by his nephew, who threw the body of his uncle away on the outskirts of a far village. The people of the far village were accused of killing the man; then, a dispute occurred between the first village and the second village, until the relations of the deceased came to Musa, peace be upon Him, and asked Him about who killed this man; so, our Lord, Almighty, mentioned the story of this cow in the seventy-third verse of this holy chapter. He says :

﴾ Also, that once when Mussa said to his people: «Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow»…(67) ﴿

The divine command was for the “Nation of Israel” to slaughter any cow, then if they took one of its parts, and beat the deceased with it, he would return to life, and he would stand and say to them: “So and so killed me!”. It is as if Allah wanted to prove to the Nation of Israel life after death.

Let’s stop for a little to move to the topic of the “Doomsday”.

Brothers, the greater truth is that after the faith in Allah, which is the first basic element, I must believe in the “Last Day”, because life without faith in the “Last Day” is a jungle where the strong eats the weak, and the rich exploits the poor. That is what is happening in the world today, in a world which does not believe in the “Last Day”. The strong person is he who crushes the weak one, and the rich is he who exploits the poor, and the strongest is the one who takes advantage of the weakest.

No society has succeeded on the earth, except a society that believes in Allah and the Last Day :

All events point to the fact that that no life will be fulfilling unless there is belief in the Last Day. And all that is said is meaningless talk. Conscientiousness, internal scruples - all of this, unless it is supported by faith in the Last Day, will be unproductive. No society has succeeded on the earth, except a society that believes in Allah and the Last Day. Our Lord, Almighty, through the story of the cow wanted to show the Nation of Israel that this person who is seen to be dead will be vitalized by Allah at the Day of Resurrection in order to acquire the requital of his deeds.

But what did the “Nation of Israel” do? They did not accept what happened, they were not satisfied with it, and they did not submit to it; rather, they met the miracle with doubt and irony :

﴾ Also, that once when Mussa said to his people: «Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow». They said to Mussa: «Are you trying to make us the object of a practical joke?» Mussa said: «Allah forbid that I be a simpleton» (67) ﴿

Is it possible that a wellborn Prophet mocks, or jokes ?!

﴾ They said to Mussa: «Are you trying to make us the object of a practical joke?» Mussa said: «Allah forbid that I be a simpleton» (67) They said to Mussa: «Beseech Allah, your Creator, to point out to us the kind of cow»… (68) ﴿

Here :

﴾ Also, that once when Mussa said to his people: «Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow» … (67) ﴿

And the matter is over.

The human dies, but his “self” is everlasting, and he will be asked :

Any cow can serve you, and you can take one of any cow’s parts and beat the dead with it, and then he will return to life; he will speak and say : “So and so killed me !” But the “Nation of Israel” complicated the matter for themselves :

﴾ They said to Mussa: «Beseech Allah, your Creator, to point out to us the kind of cow». Mussa said: Allah says: «It is a cow neither old nor young but in an intermediate stage and now Allah has commanded and you shall have to obey» (68) Again they said: «Beseech Allah, your Creator, on our behalf to indicate to us its color». Mussa said: Allah says: «It is a vivid yellow cow particularly attractive to beholders» (69) Again they said to Mussa: «Beseech Allah, your Creator, on our behalf to specify the characteristic features of the cow since to us all cows are alike, and Allah willing we will be able to find the cow meeting the said features» (70) Mussa said: «Allah says it is a cow that has not been used in ploughing the land nor watering the fields, a cow free of all physical defects.» There and then they said to Mussa: «Now you have brought us the truth,» and they slaughtered the cow in sacrifice in spite of hesitation though they almost did not (71) «And you slew a man and the case was wrapped in mystery and you all tried to absolve yourselves of the blood guilt … (72) ﴿

Each party charged the other one :

﴾ …, but Allah would not permit it and He exposed the truth which you tried to conceal.» (72) Their and then We commanded Mussa to say to you: «Strike the corpse with a piece of the heifer’s carcass,» and there the man was brought to life only for as long as he made known in a supernatural manner, the name of the man who had killed him. Thus, Allah exhibits His unlimited power to effect what He will, in any manner He will and to resurrect all the dead when He will. He displays to you His signs and His marvels demonstrating Omnipotence and Authority so that you may hopefully comprehend and lift to Him your inward sight (73) ﴿

If a person dies, people say, “the departed one”. When this man died, he only takes clothes off, but his “self” is everlasting. He will judged, then he will live an eternal life either in a paradise within which bliss is continuous, or in a hell within which torment is endless.

The verses which are revealed in the beginning of the call to Islam, indicate two things:

Dear brothers, the verses which are revealed in the beginning of the call to Islam, consist of two things. First is the belief in Allah, and the second is the belief in the Last Day, because belief in Allah has no meaning if you don’t believe that He is aware of you, that He will ask you, and he will punish you. You will not be on the straight path of Allah if you don’t believe that He is aware of you, and He will ask and punish you.

Allah, The Almighty, says :

﴾ It is Allah Who created seven heavens and of the earth the likeness thereof. His command and controlling power circulate among them; signs indicative of His Omnipotence over all things and inductive to the realization that Allah is acquainted with all the facts and that His Omniscience covers all things in all respects (12) ﴿

[Al-Talaq]

That is to be righteous when you know that Allah knows, when you know that you are in His hand, and He will punish you; and you will find that every righteous person has the “Last Day” on his mind. The strange thing is that when the human earns ill-gotten money, when he assails upon the honors of others, and when he strays from the way of Allah; how can he sleep, how does he get the stability with his self ?!

If he read the saying of Allah, The Greatest :

﴾ But by Allah, your Creator, there shall come the Day when all of them shall have much to answer for (92) And all their misdeeds shall be laid to their charge (93) ﴿

[Al-Hijr]

The particularity of this worldly life is that the blessings which are given to you, certainly, you have to leave at the death :

When the believer has no doubt that every move, every tranquility, every act, every gift, every prevention, every connection, every disconnection, every visit, every look, and every word will enter in the balance of his deeds, and he will be asked about it on the Day of Resurrection; then the human will be righteous by the orders of Allah. You will not find a straight man in the world, except who has a great belief in the Last Day.

There are blessings in this world; there are pleasures, desires, and luck. What's going on? These fortunes, desires, pleasures, and these blessings, in general, are either going to leave you while you are alive, or at death. Certainly, there is a departure, because the particularity of this worldly life is that the blessings which are given to you, certainly, you have to leave at the death. Or, maybe it has left before death. From this point of view was the Prophet's prayer, peace be upon him :

((O Allah, make us enjoy our hearing and sight and strength; and make it our heir))

[Razeen from Nafe’e the lord of Ibn Omar]

But the place where the blessings do not leave you, and you never leave them is “The Hereafter”.

﴾ For the accomplishment of a like exalted end Hereafter shall endeavor those who aspire to attain it (61) ﴿

[Al-Saffat]

And Allah says :

﴾ … an inspiring goal for which may compete those whose ambition is the heavenly bliss (26) ﴿

[Al-Mutaffifeen]

There are worries in the worldly life. The human is worried about his health and whenever his age increases, his worry increases. He wonders if a disease has infected him ! Or maybe another disease! The diseases are so many, and this is the biggest concern, the concern about health. There is concern about income; will this income remain or shrink? Do I stay in this job, or not? Is this trade permanent, or not ? Is this income permanent, or not ? The worldly life is fraught with anxiety, because you, certainly, have to leave this world, then you will leave all the graces. The clearest proof is when you have followed a funeral, and saw how the deceased was buried. He dwelled in a house, that was maybe about two hundred square meters, or may be four hundred square meters. Maybe this house was in one of the most high-class streets in Damascus; it might have a nice view with balconies and is well-cared for, with bedrooms, reception rooms, living rooms, heating, air conditioning etc..

To where is the fate of the owner of this home? Buried under the earth, in a small hole; that is the fate of each living being.

The most inseparable pillars of the “Pillars of Faith” are the belief in Allah, and the Last Day:

You must leave these blessings at death, and they may leave you before death. But the Afterlife is an eternal life, life without embitterment, without senescence, without grief, and no concern in it: no cold, no swelter, no disease, no poverty, no richness, and no oppression. embitter

﴾ For the accomplishment of a like exalted end Hereafter shall endeavor those who aspire to attain it (61) ﴿

[Al-Saffat]

And Allah says :

﴾ … an inspiring goal for which may compete those whose ambition is the heavenly bliss (26) ﴿

[Al-Mutaffifeen]

So, when Allah, Glory be to Him, made this chapter bear the name of “ Al-Baqarah”, He wanted to remind us of the Last Day, and that the belief in the Last Day comes directly after the faith in Allah. And, if you followed the verses which mention faith you will find that the most inseparable pillars of the “Pillars of Faith” are the belief in Allah, and the Last Day.

The worldly life without faith in the Last Day is a jungle, where the strong eat the weak, the rich exploit the poor, people are oppressed, people are dying of hunger, and other people feed their dogs quantities of meat which the whole peoples in southern Asia do not eat. They have specialty shops, and the welfare of their dogs outweigh the well-being of some peoples. A life in which the strong is the dominant, and the weak is the broken, this is a worldly life without a Hereafter.

Look at a small faithful society, in which members believe in the Last Day. You find the person takes what he owns, and leaves what he does not own.
Once, I said in relation to the subject of marriage: “Why does the Islamic Marriage succeed?” It succeeds because Allah, Glory be to Him, is between the spouses, as each party fears Allah from tyrannizing the other party, and fears Allah from doing an injustice to the other party. Each party hopes for the mercy of Allah when serving the other party. Both spouses mount to Allah, and the understanding and harmony increase between them because of their faith in Allah and the Last Day.

The grace of the Words of Allah upon the words of His creatures is like the grace of Allah upon His creatures :

I preached on the belief in the Last Day; this Day must enter in the daily accounts. A brother once said to me : “Not in the daily accounts, but in the hourly accounts!”, and the most correct is to consider this day every second. We will be held accountable for every moment, every action.

﴾ …«Woe betide us. This book», they say, «does not leave out a minor or a major offense unrecorded», and they shall find that every single deed, good or back is being presented and then they shall realize that Allah, your Creator, wrongs no one (49) ﴿

[Al-Kahf]

The believer is of a unique personality. Once, I said that the unique personality has a scholarly degree. Who is the believer? The believer is he who knows the great truth of the universe; he knows Allah, and he is the greatest scholar of all because he knew Allah. Analyze this statement: the grace of the “Words of Allah” upon the words of His creatures is like the grace of Allah upon His creatures. The “Holy Quran” - compare this book to any other book. The distance between them is like the distance between Allah and this author, because this is the Word of Allah. Compare between he who knew world, and he who knew Allah; the diversity between them is like the diversity between Allah and His creatures. He who knew Allah is very grand, because he knew the great truth and found harmony with it; this made him happy in this world and in the Hereafter.

Faith is a moral degree. Because the believer is governed by a great ethical system of values, there is an exact detailed approach in his life. And, as I have mentioned before, the Muslims arrived to declination, because they misconceived that Islam is a ritual worship only. Muslims imagined that Islam is prayer, fasting , pilgrimage to Mecca, and alms giving, while Islam contains, I hope not to exaggerate, about a hundred thousand matters; items about earning money, items about the spending of money, items about marriage, items about divorce, items about the councils, items about the performance of the crafts, items about travel, items about residence, items about the upbringing of children: a complete method. When Muslims understood Islam as a few ritual acts of worships, they fell behind all nations; but when the highbred Companions understood the religion as the life which Allah, Almighty wills, they followed the detailed method.

So, learning of religion knowledge is obligatory for every Muslim. In the life of Muslims nothing overrides the learning of religious knowledge. You know who you are through religious knowledge; you know what your position is among people, you know what comes after the death, and what is before death. And, you know what the set of rules you must follow is. Hence, when the believer believes in the Last Day, his problems end.

Religion as a whole is a self-accountability :

This is a typical story which I always narrate. One of our brothers worked in fixing engines said to me: “Before I was guided by Allah, the customer came to me with a spoiled engine. Of course, the cost of fixing engines is almost five thousand Syrian pounds. The man said to me, “Open it”, and then I found that the trouble was a very simple cut in the outside line, and it could be repaired in minutes. Before I was guided by Allah I was repairing the engine and earning five thousand in cash, because the customer does not know what happened to the engine. He knows that the engine is not working, so it is spoiled, and he must bring it to be fixed. But now, after I was guided by Allah I say to him, “It costs twenty-five Syrian pounds, although the agreement is five thousand”. He became self-accountable. This is the whole story.

Religion as a whole is self-accountability.
The Caliph Omar said to a Bedouin: “Sell me this sheep and take the price”.
The Bedouin said to him: “It is not for me !”
The Caliph Omar said to him: “Tell the owner that the sheep died”.
He replied: “It is not for me !”
The Caliph said : “I will pay you !”
And the Bedouin repeated : “Not for me!”
When the Caliph Omar persisted he said: “By Allah, I am in desperate need for its price, and if I told the owner that it died, or the wolf ate it, he would believe me! He considers me sincere and trusty, but where is Allah?”

This is religion as a whole. Religion is wholly to believe in the “Last Day”. Have you controlled your tongue? Have you controlled your earning of money? Have you controlled your spending of money? Have you controlled your eye, your ear, your hand, your movements and quietness?

Dear brothers, this chapter, which is the longest chapter in The Quran, was called Al-Baqarah, “The Cow”, because the cow is a proof for the Nation of Israel about the “Last Day”, and how Allah revived the dead man, who said: “So and so killed me !” Hence, when the human disobeys Allah, Almighty, he must know that his faith in the Last Day is weak. If his belief in the Last Day was strong, he would never disobey Allah; it is impossible to disobey Allah if he believed that he would be held accountable. If you went to a neighboring country, and found on the way back there is a very strict inspection, that nothing can pass without an exact accountability, would you buy anything there? Never, and that is natural. As long as there is an exact accountability you will not buy anything; maybe the commodities in that country are cheap, but the problem is not that it's cheap, the problem is how to bring them to my country! They never pass.

Such is the believer: anything, even though it may not be supervised, you are trusted. The doctor is trusted, and all the people who work in a high-class trades are trusted. If a doctor said to a patient: “You need to make an analysis, ten analyses”, can the patient argue with the doctor? You cannot, you need to obey the doctor. Who knows if this analysis is necessary or not? Only Allah knows. If the lawyer told you: “The case is winning”, while it is inevitably lost, can you argue with him? Who knows that? Only Allah.

O Brothers, I swear by Allah that if the faith of Muslims in the Last Day was true, the Court of Justice would close its doors.

The religion is a complete method, not only ritual acts of worship :

Our Master Omar held the position of the Minister of Justice during the succession of our Master “Abu Bakr Al-Seddeik” for two years, and through this period, nobody brought a case to him. If people were treated fairly, the judge would rest. The problem is our believing in the “Last Day”, and that we will be asked.

﴾ But by Allah, your Creator, there shall come the Day when all of them shall have much to answer for (92) And all their misdeeds shall be laid to their charge (93) ﴿

[Al-Hijr]

Once again my dear brothers, the big illusion is to consider that the person who comes to the mosque and prays is a pious man. You come here to take the manufacturer's instructions only, and come back again to earn the price. Your piety is measured by your deed, your piety is measured by your treatment with customers in your store, your piety is measured by your treatment with customers in your office, in your clinic, in your company, in your field, in your factory, and your piety is measured by your treatment of your children. Here, in the mosque, you have the manufacturer's instructions, then you go back to life to use these instructions. And, the most obvious illustration is that when The Prophet (PBUH) entered the mosque, He used to say :

((O Allah, open Your mercy’s doors for me; and if He came out, He used to say: O Allah, I ask you for the giving of your grace))

[Muslim from Abu Hameed]

“O my Lord, let me feel the happiness of being near You”, but when you go out of the mosque you say:

((O Allah, I ask you for the giving of your grace))

[Muslim from Abu Hameed]

The work is out of the mosque. There's religion, there is honesty, there is the controlling of tongue, there is the controlling of income, and there is the controlling of expenditure. When we understand religion as five ritual worships, we came to be behind other nations, but we must understand the religion as a full method. Therefore, the biggest thing that concerns the believer is: what is the legitimate ruling on this subject ?

Allah, Almighty, is able to revive all of us again:

It is named “Sura Al-Baqarah” because Allah ordered the Nation of Israel to slaughter a cow, to beat with its parts the deceased man, then Allah, Almighty, revived him so the man could stand and say: “So and so killed me !” This means that Allah, Almighty, is able to revive all of us again, and this is what was mentioned in the Holy Quran.

The second thing: there was a righteous man in the “Nation of Israel”, and he was a straight, pious, and faithful man. He never left anything to his family, except a cow. This was all of his fortune in the world, and he left it for his only son. The qualities of the cow are mentioned in “Surat Al-Baqarah” :

﴾ … «It is a vivid yellow cow particularly attractive to beholders» (69) ﴿

The qualities were identical with that cow, so its owner (the son of the righteous man) refused a price for his cow but to fill its leather with gold, and that was a great wealth.

We conclude that if the person is righteous, Allah, Almighty, will take care of his children after his death. Allah, Almighty, says in the divine saying:

(( “O My worshiper, I gave you money- what did you do with it ?” That worshiper says : “O my Lord, I spent it on poor and needy people, because I’m confident that You are the best Keeper, and You are the most merciful”, Allah, The Almighty, says in this divine saying, “ O My worshiper, I’m the conservator for your children after death” ))

[Mentioned in the saying]

This means : Look for the lawful, and do not take what is not for you. Then, do not worry about your children after death, for Allah is the patron of them. He is the Conservator and the Honest. Allah will take care of your children after you die - He will shelter them, He will bestow them, He will conserve them, and He, Almighty, will lionize them.

How many a father left millions in money for his children, but these millions were ill-gotten, and the result was that his children squandered the money in a short time and lived poor. On the other hand, how many a father feared Allah, Almighty, in his earning, and then Allah has taken care of his children after his death. Do not worry about your children. You have to worry about one thing : to fall into a sin. That is what Allah has enabled for you. Most people now are earning ill-gotten money for their children, to build their future, buying houses for them, and marrying them. They earn ill-gotten money, and what happens? The money which they have earned in an ill-gotten way are wasted. It goes as it came and children remained poor. Allah says to another worshiper in the sequel of the divine saying:

((“O My worshiper, I gave you money- what did you do with it ?” That worshiper says :“O my Lord, I did not spend anything from it, because I was afraid that my children would live in poverty after my death”. Allah, Almighty, says “That which you were afraid of, has come to your children” ))

[Mentioned in the impact]

The second point: preserve the lawful income, and obedience to Allah, and Allah will care for your children after your death :

The cow was a blessing, because its owner was righteous :

﴾ «As to the wall», the teacher said, «it constitutes a part of the property belonging to two orphan youngsters in the town and it rested directly on a treasure. Their father was a gracious man in whose heart reigned piety, and Allah, your Creator, has decreed that they reach maturity and dig out their treasure, an act of mercy vouchsafed by Allah, your Creator. You must realize that none of these incidents did I do of my own accord; there you have the interpretation of the incidents you could not forbear» (82) ﴿

[Al-Kahf]

Our Master “Al-Khidr” built the wall because their father was righteous. Hence, the second fact in the chapter is: preserve the lawful income, preserve the obedience of Allah, and do not think about the fate of your children, because Allah will take care of them. If you're a good father Allah will preserve your children after your death, and He will take care of them.
There are many influential stories; for instance, a man feared Allah, and then his children became eminent individuals, and top individuals. And, the story of how a man who did not fear Allah in making money, left millions in wealth; a friend of the deceased saw the son of his friend on the road and asked him: “Where are you going?” The son said word for word : “I am going to drink alcohol, for the spirit of my father !”

The spirit of the dead hovers above the casket, saying : “O my family, o my sons, do not allow the worldly life to play with you as it did with me! I collected lawful and unlawful money, then I spent it in lawful ways and unlawful ways, so the happiness is for you, and the liability is for me!

The second point: this cow, whose characteristics were mentioned in detail, was identical to the cow which the righteous man owned, so his son refused a price for it but to fill its leather with gold. Sometimes, a righteous father leaves a piece of land, a house, or a small store; this store brings to his children a lot of profit, because the father was a righteous man. Do not worry about your children, but you have to be worried about your income. Is it lawful, or unlawful? You are not ordered to feed your children the ill-gotten money. And that is the second point.

The third point: this chapter is Madinite :

The third point in this lesson: this chapter is Madinite. As you know, the Quran is Meccan and Madinite. Scholars have disagreed whether the verse which was revealed in Mecca is Meccan, and the verse which was revealed in Al-Medina is Madinite - without regard to the time of revelation, but with regard to the place of revelation only. The Quran was revealed upon the Prophet, peace be upon Him, after the conquest of Mecca. So, are the verses which were revealed in Mecca, Meccan or Madinite? There are scholars who made allowance for time only; that would mean that every verse which was revealed after the migration to Al-Medina, no matter which place it was revealed in, is Madinite; and, each verse that was revealed before the migration, whether or not it was the place which it was revealed in, is Meccan. That is a time measure. There is a spatial scale which says that each verse which was revealed in Mecca, at any time, is Meccan; and every verse that was revealed in Al-Medina, at any time, is Madinite.

What we are interested in is that the Meccan part of the Quran, and the Madinite part of the Quran, has its own characteristics. The Meccan Quran focuses on faith in Allah through the verses, and focuses on the Last Day; if you read a chapter from the end of the Quran, like “Sura Al-Nabaa”, “Sura Al-Nazi’at”, and “Sura Al-Mursalat”, …etc, you will find that it is focusing on faith in Allah, and the faith in the Last Day, because they are the origin of the doctrine. The Meccan Quran is also focusing on replying to infidels, atheists, polytheists and deniers, and to the mention of heaven and hell. If you turn to “Sura Al-Baqarah”, “Al-Imran”, “Al-Nisa”, and “Al-An ‘aam”, you will find the subject matter is different; you’ll find the legislation verses, “do and not to do”:

﴾ O you with hearts touched by the divine hand, if you become involved in a debt payable at a fixed date, be it a loan, item borrowed or bought on credit or a business transaction, then commit it to writing. A scribe shall formulate an agreement or contract mediating the parties with recourse to the general principles of Allah’s justice… (282) ﴿

[Al-Baqarah]

It is a nice thing, a legislation.

Each call to Allah must go through two stages :

There are hypocrites …

﴾ If good fortune falls to you, be it through victory or through martyrdom, they come to be actuated by envy and grieved at heart. If you are befallen with a disaster or wedded to a calamity, they rejoice beyond a common joy…(120) ﴿

[Al-‘Imran]

A class of hypocrites had come into being. There were no hypocrites in Mecca, because Islam was oppressed there, and there was no need for anyone to dissemble. If a man was declared an infidel, he walked proudly on the road. Muslims were persecuted, so it was not hypocritical in Mecca. But when Muslims established a strong country in “Al-Medina”, hypocrisy began. You find in the Madinite Quran discourse on legislation, discourse on the hypocrites to warn the believers, and discourse about the relationship between Muslims and others. That was in “Al-Medina”.

What is of concern to us? What concerns us is that every call to Allah must go through two stages: the stage of the definition of Allah, Almighty, and the Last Day, and the stage of the definition of the protocol. Any call to Allah, that has forgotten to define Allah and the Last Day for its followers, is a lame and unsuccessful call. When you command a person to pray, for whom is he or she praying? Order him to be righteous, but he must be righteous for fear of whom? He does not know Allah!! I used to say: “If the human knew the command, but he did not know the commander, he would diversify ways of escaping from this command. That is the status of the Muslims these days, and it is too great to be hidden.

A singer posed a question to scholar: “I have repented, so, would you mind if I decide to sing? Is there any prohibition if the subject of the song is religious?” Singing has become allowed, mixing between men and women has become allowed, and banks have become allowed in Egypt. Everything has an advisory opinion (fatwa); and I would say with a sigh that “every sin has an advisory opinion”.

If the human knew the command, but he did not know the commander, he would diversify ways of escaping from this command: and that is the status of the Muslims today. Islam has become folklore, exhibition, and Islamic costume. Quranic verses adorn houses, whereas there are evenings that do not please Allah in those houses, there are devices that do not satisfy Allah in these houses , and there are relationships that do not please Allah in these houses; but many portraits of Quranic verses are attached - the panel of the “Kaaba” and “Al-Kursi” verse are attached on the walls.

Islam has become an exhibition, with Islamic conferences, and very luxurious Islamic books where the title is printed on the book’s width, with elegant printing. The audio-visual recordings, libraries, and everything is of the top quality, but there is no righteousness, no obligation. It is as if Allah, Almighty, has abandoned us.

The Meccan verses make us know the commander, while the Madinite verses make us know the divine command :

In the past, I mentioned that someone asked me : “We pray to Allah, but He does not respond, why?” I told him that Al-Imam Ibrahim bin Adham was asked this question once in Basra, and he said that Allah Almighty says :

﴾ «Invoke Me,» says Allah, your Creator, «I respond to your invocation.» «Meanwhile those who are too proud to pay reverence to Me and do not display adoration with appropriate acts and rites, shall take up their abode in Hell, plunged into infamy and humiliation.» (60) ﴿

[Ghaffer]

“And we invoke Allah, but He does not response to us !”

Bin Al-Adham said :“Because your hearts died from ten things: you claimed that you believed in Allah, but you did not obey Him; you read the Quran, but did not enforce its teachings; you claimed that you have loved your Prophet (PBUH), but you did not follow His “Sunnah”; you have said that Hell is true, but you did not avert it; you said that Paradise is true, but you did not work for it; and you have buried your dead , but you did not learn a lesson from them …”. Bin Al-Adham mentioned twelve items, then he said: "How can you be answered?!”

What I want to say is this: as long as there are Meccan and Madinite verses, it means that the Meccan Quran invites you to believe in Allah and the Last Day through the verses, and any call for Allah which overlooks that major part of the religion is a lame call, and does not succeed. Nowadays, you can see that we are interested in jurisprudence at the expense of doctrine. We must be interested in both the jurisprudence and the doctrine together; and the nice thing is that when a man believes in Allah, and his belief is true, he will seriously look for commands and prohibitions; so, the sincere believer is preoccupied with the ruling on any matter.

Sometimes, you are an employee in a company, and the former Director General was removed and a new director has come. You ask: “Who is he?”, “What is his culture?”, “How are his morals?”, “ What is his nature?”, and “What is his disposition?” After you have learned about his character, you wait for orders and prohibitions. It is very normal behavior to know the commander first, then the command second. So, in the Meccan Quran we have become familiar with the commander; now, in the Madinite Quran we should know the command. Therefore, any command that is not preceded by information about the commander has no value, because the honor of a message comes from the honor of the sender, and the value of a command is comes from the value of the commander. So, the more you know Allah, the more you will venerate his command; the more you know Allah, the more you ratify His promise; and the more you know Allah, the more you ratify His threat.

The issue is very definitive, so do not try to tell people about the divine commands without informing them of who has given these commands, and to tell people about the requital if they have obeyed Allah, or have disobeyed Him. If there is no clear idea of what is expected for the obedient, and what awaits the sinner, then do not be concerned about the obedience or the prohibition.

Through the universe you will know Allah, and through legislation you will worship Him :

This is an eloquent lesson for us; therefore, I have tried at the beginning of the interpretation to start with The Meccan part of The Quran, that is the last third of the Quran, and then the second third. And, I asked Allah, Almighty, to solidify the faith in Allah in the hearts of the believing brothers.

Now, the legislation comes to be as a crown on the believer’s head. When you know Allah you look for His commands and prohibitions, and you look for what pleases Him; so, through the universe you will know Allah, and through legislation you will worship Him. These two lines exist in the era of the Prophet (PBUH); the first line is familiarization with the commander, and the second is the definition of the command. Now, the minimum limit is that the two lines run together. So, you must have a lesson to know Allah, and contemplating the creation of the heavens and the earth is the first line. Everyone eats, drinks, get married, sleeps, wakes up, ponders, and considers. You should know that the highest worship of all that brings you closer to Allah is contemplating in the creation of the heavens and the earth, in order to increase your knowledge of Allah. Then the commands of Allah become greater to you :

﴾ «Why are you people notably deficient in real reverence for Allah's Authority and you do not entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him (13) ,When His creation evinces both wisdom and Omnipotence. It was He Who created you not only in an orderly manner, but also in progressive stages; from a notfa amshag -zygote- and a clinging organism. you become a rudimentary being -embryo- then you come to be a developing being -foetus- then you come out of the womb a new-born babe, then you grow to maturity. Similarly -and in amore general sense- did He create the universe, from the gaseous stage to the stage of concentration then to the final stage of solidification of cosmic matter and the animate beings from the unicellular to the multicellular to the organific (14) ﴿

[Noah]

If you consider the creation, in stages, of the human being, you will venerate Allah. From where does the veneration come ? It comes if you have contemplated Allah, Almighty’s, creation :

﴾ Such of Allah's servants as stand in awe of Him are the savants (28) ﴿

[Fater]

Dear brothers, the words of “Meccan” and “Madinite” taught us that the call for Allah should go through two stages; the first one is to recognize the commander, and the second stage is to recognize the divine command.

The forth point: Allah, Glory be to Him, teaches us that indirect guidance is more effective than direct guidance :

Dear brothers, “Sura Al-Baqarah” is one of the longest chapters in the Holy Quran, and it contains a third characteristic which I am always being asked about it; this characteristic is an extended speech about “The Nation of Israel”, and our relation to the Nation of Israel.

﴾ These were a people who passed through nature to Eternity; they are accountable for their deeds and you are accountable for yours, and you shall not be responsible for their deeds (134) ﴿

[Al-Baqarah]

There are many long pages about the Prophet “Mussa” and his relation to “Pharaoh”, the relation with his people, how Allah saved him from Pharaoh, and how he went to the Prophet “Shuaeib”. The discourse about the Nation of Israel has a meaning; that is that the wise educational style comes from this saying : “Listen, neighbor; but another person is who I mean!” Allah, Glory be to Him, teaches us that the indirect guidance is more effective than the direct guidance; it means all the diseases that have taken place in “The Nation of Israel”, Muslims are nominated to catch.

What is the disease of the Nation of Israel, which we are nominated to catch?

﴾ They say: «Fire will not touch us but for a certain number of days». Say to them, O Muhammad: «Was that a promise Allah made to you granting you future security against vindication and in consequence you are relieved, knowing that Allah never breaks His promise! Or do you relate to Allah a world in a grain of sand or a heaven in a wild flower and your comfort flows from ignorance?» (80) ﴿

[Al-Baqarah]

That is what Muslims believe today. They believe in a naive concept of intercession - do what you want, and the Prophet, peace be upon Him, will intercede for you :

﴾ …you go along with Allah, your Creator and fight them yourselves; we are staying here (24) ﴿

[Al-Maeda]

This is a disease that infected the Muslims :

﴾ …«We have opened our hearts' ears »…(93) ﴿

[Al-Baqarah]

If you followed the diseases of The Nation of Israel, you will have found that we got involved in each of these diseases. If we read the story of the Nation of Israel, we read it to have a lesson, in order to learn from those people who strayed from the path of their Lord. So, they earned the curse of Allah, Almighty, and that is the third point.

A summary of the main points of the lesson :

We summarized these points:

First: this Sura was called “Surat al-Baqarah” for the affirmation of the belief in the Last Day, and the belief that all people will be held accountable in a very accurate way. And he who upbraided himself harshly in the worldly life, will be judged gently on the Day of Resurrection:

((Truly, O Lord, it is a replete and luxurious self in the worldly life, but it is hungry and naked on the Day of Resurrection; truly, O Lord, it is a hungry and naked self in the worldly life, but it is replete and luxurious on the Day of Resurrection. Truly, O Lord, one is kind to himself while he is injurious to them; truly, O Lord, one is injurious to himself, while he is kind to them))

[Ben Sad, Al-Baihaqi and Al-Daylami from Abu Al-Bujaeer]

The lesson is on the Last Day.

The second thing is: the one who lives a righteous life should not be concerned about his children after his death, because Allah, Almighty, will protect his children after his death. This means that you have to be righteous, and that is enough!

﴾ …It is only Allah Whom you are enjoined to worship and be among those who impel themselves to the feeling of gratitude and gratefulness (66) ﴿

[Al-Zumar]

And He, Almighty, said :

﴾ «I have chosen you O Mussa», said Allah, «by preference out of all people to convey My divide message and My discourse of practical divinity revealed directly to you». «Therefore, take all that I have imparted to you with heart and hand with heart and soul, and act strongly upon it and impel yourself to the feeling of gratitude and gratefulness» (144) ﴿

[Al-A’raf]

The third point: this chapter is Madinite, and the Madinite chapter contains legislations. The legislation naturally comes after knowing the legislator - the command naturally comes after knowing the commander; and if we know the command and the commander, then we will achieve the integration. And, do not forget that Allah, Almighty, has made the legislation exactly half of the religion.

The fourth point in “Sura Al-Baqarah”: the stories of the Nation of Israel with all their diseases and faults, and perversions can be found in us. Once, I mentioned those who have forgotten:

﴾ And with those who declare themselves Christians, We entered into a covenant: Never deviate from the path of righteousness and adhere faithfully to the authentic Scriptures. But they willfully neglected a part of what was imparted to them. In consequence, We stirred up enmity and hatred among them till the Day of Resurrection. Allah shall inform them of their habitual course of action relevant to their evil deeds, and punish them accordingly (14) ﴿

[Al-Maidah]

What does this mean, the “enmity and hatred” between us? If we have forgotten what we have been mentioned with, it is as if enmity and hatred have a law.

There is much common ground in our society; nevertheless, there is enmity and hatred:

Allah, The Greatest, said :

﴾ The fact is that AL-Shaytan and those with characteristics befitting him wish to use intoxicants and gambling as the instrument to implant enmity and hatred among you … (91) ﴿

[Al- Maidah]

And He, Almighty, said :

﴾ And with those who declare themselves Christians, We entered into a covenant: Never deviate from the path of righteousness and adhere faithfully to the authentic Scriptures. But they willfully neglected a part of what was imparted to them. In consequence, We stirred up enmity and hatred among them till the Day of Resurrection. Allah shall inform them of their habitual course of action relevant to their evil deeds, and punish them accordingly (14) ﴿

[Al-Maidah]

This means that there is much common ground in our society, but nevertheless, there is enmity and hatred within those common factions.
Allah, The Almighty, described the Nation of Israel and said :

﴾ …You think they are unity personified while in effect their hearts are totally diversified. This is on account of their lack of sound judgment in the choice of means and ends (14) ﴿

[Al-Hashr]

The society contains tens of common factions; nevertheless, there is enmity and hatred that is incomparable. This is a third law.

I intended for this lesson to be an introduction for the next detailed lessons; the name of the cow, the righteous father, the Nation of Israel, and why they were mentioned a lot in this chapter. And, the fourth thing is the Meccan and the Madinite verses.

Translation  : Iman Nashar
Edited by      : Zena El-Abaza