In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Question: What are the sunan of Eid Al-Fitr?
Answer:The first preferable thing for Eid Salah is to offer Gusl and to wear perfume and the best clothes one has. Narrated Ja'far Ibn Muhammad from his father from his grandfather that the Prophet PBUH used to put on a hibarah garment every Eid (Hibarah is a fabric from Yemen with colored stripes of red or green). Nowadays, people put on their best suits on the occasion of Eid which they usually wear on certain occasions and in official visits. Unfortunately, people in our era evaluate one another through the clothes one wears). The Prophet PBUH said:
((You are going to visit your brothers, so repair your saddles and make sure that you are dressed well, so that you will stand out among people like an adornment.))
Narrated by Al-Hasan As-Sabt, he said: "The Prophet PBUH used to order us to wear the best clothes we have for the two Eid Salah, to wear the best perfumes that we have and to sacrifice the best of our livestock." The Prophet PBUH used to put on the best of his garments on the occasion of Eid, and he had a special garment he used to wear on the occasion of Eids and on Friday Salah which is a weekly kind of Eid for the Muslim, whereas the two main Eids are annual occasions. Accordingly, the Islamic Eids are the two Eids (AlFitr and Al-Adha) and Friday.
It is also part of the Prophetic Sunnah to eat odd number of dates before going to perform Eid-ul-Fitr Salah, whereas it is part of Sunnah to do that after coming back from Eid-ul-Adhha Salah, so that the Muslim will eat from his sacrificed animal. Hence, eating on the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr is before Eid Salah, whereas eating on the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha is after Eid Salah.
((Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Messenger (PBUH) never proceeded (for the prayer) on the Day of 'Eid-ul-Fitr unless he had eaten some dates. Anas also narrated: The Prophet (PBUH) used to eat odd number of dates.))
Odd number of dates means 1, 3 or 5, and that was mentioned in a Hadith narrated by Ahmad and Al-Bukhari.
((Narrated Baridah, the Prophet PBUH with regard to the day of Eid-ul-Adha, would not eat until he returned from the place of prayer. Then he would eat from the animal he slaughtered as his sacrifice.))
Ibn Quddamah said that scholars had different opinions about eating before Eid-ul-Fitr Salah. The Majority of scholars agreed that "it is Mustahab to go to the Eid Salah walking on one road and to come back from it walking on another", but what is the wisdom behind doing so? The wisdom behind it is to meet as many people as you can, because Eid is all about meeting people, greeting them and showing affection peace and love towards them.
Our Lord has imposed these two occasions (Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha) for a profound wisdom; they are an opportunity to bring joy to the Muslim and to spread joy among people who are around him. Therefore, during Eid there is no business, no problems, no work, no errands to run, no commodities to buy and no deliveries to make, and all these activities should be suspended. In other words, all the Muslims do during Eid is eating sweets, enjoying the holiday and putting on best clothes. Accordingly, your family and the people around you should feel your affection and love, they should hear nice words, and they should see your new cloths and the extra amounts of food and sweets (more than usual). It is preferable to bring the food and sweets your children like and to buy the clothes they choose to wear. This is what Eid is all about, but of course it is the apparent gains of it since there is a deeper sense of Eid.