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17-06-2024
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Islamic Creed- Creed from the Quran and Sunna- Lesson (30-40): Prerequisites of Tawheed (Monotheism)- Al-Adab (Good manners)
   
 
 
In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, Most Merciful  
 

 Manners that should be adopted:

 Dear brother, this is lesson thirty of Al-Aqeedah lectures. We are still tackling the fact that believing is not only about what you believe in, but also about how to make your conducts in accordance with your beliefs. Actually, half of Al-Aqeedah is about facts you should believe in after a long quest and search, and the second half of it is about morals, conditions and status that you should manifest in order to be happy in the worldly life and in the Hereafter. This happiness is what you were created for: 

﴾Except him on whom your Lord has bestowed His Mercy (the follower of truth - Islamic Monotheism) and for that did He create them.﴿ 

[Hud, 119]

Things which mark the believer:

  Dear brother, whenever you mention the word "believer", you should think of how polite he is, and your example in that should be the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, he said: 

((Allah raised me and perfected my manners.))

 A believer is expected to be a polite person, so it is impossible to meet a believer who is unkind, cruel or impolite with Allah, with His Prophets, peace be upon them, with respectful believers or with common people. Thus, the word "believer" entails that he is polite and kind, and that he knows sh3er' rights, his limits and sh3er' limits.

Types of Al-Adab:

1- Al-Adab with Allah:

  Dear brother, Al-Adab is classified into three categories:: 

 The first one is: AlAdab with Allah. It is manifested in describing Allah the Almighty with what He describes His Entity, without Tamtheel (making analogy between these Attributes and the ones of mankind) or denying them. He is Allah, Glory be to Him Who Exalts above His heavens on His Throne, Different from His creations and His Entity has nothing of what is in His creations and vice versa. He is with them through His Hearing, Sight and Knowledge and He has a Face full of Majesty, and Honour will abide forever:

﴾And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honour will abide forever.﴿

[Ar-Rahman, 27]

 Allah also has an Inner-self:

﴾You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen. ﴿

[Al-Ma'idah', 116]

  Allah has a Hand:

﴾The Hand of Allah is over their hands.﴿

[Al-Fath, 10]

 Allah has a Leg, a Foot, an Eye and Hearing, but nothing is similar to Him. These Attributes of Allah the Almighty are mentioned in His book (the Quran), so we admit them without Tamtheel or denying them, and all we should do concerning them is leaving their meanings (which is in harmony with His perfection) to Allah. Again, you should describe Allah only with the Attributes He uses in the Quran to describe His Entity, leave their meanings to Allah the Almighty as they are in harmony with His perfection and avoid Tamtheel, denying, adding to or omitting from them. This is one way of being polite with the Almighty Allah.

Things you should believe in:

 The Prophet, peace be upon him, said:

((The seven heavens in relation to the Kursi (Chair) are like a ring in a very big open space. Likewise, the Kursiyy in relation to the Throne is like a ring in a very big open space.))

  Dear brother, the Almighty Allah says about His Exalted Entity: 

﴾Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him!* And peace be on the Messengers!* And all the praise and thanks be to Allah, Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).﴿ 

[As-Saffaat, 180-182]

 Hence, Al-Adab with Allah is manifested in being polite towards His Entity, His Attributes and His Names. Furthermore, you should describe Him with what He Describes Himself, avoiding while doing that Tamtheel, denying, adding to or omitting from those Attributes. Also, you should leave to Him the meaning of these Attributes as they are in harmony with His Perfection. In fact, there are only few Ayaht (not more than the fingers of one hand) in which Allah describes Himself. Therefore, there is no need to dig into them and to use our reasoning trying to understand something we are forbidden from thinking about even. It is narrated that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said:

((Think deeply about Allah's creations, not about His Entity lest you get doomed.))

Some details of Adab with Allah:

1- Al-Adab in addressing Allah:

  Al-Adab in addressing Allah is another way of showing your politeness while dealing with Allah. When Iesa (Jesus), peace be upon him, will be asked by Allah: 

﴾And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): "O 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men: 'Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?'﴿ 

[Al-Ma'idah', 116]

 We expect that the answer of this Noble Prophet, peace be upon him, will be something like, "By Allah, O Lord I didn't say that", instead he will say:

﴾Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen.﴿

[Al-Ma'idah', 116]

 Have you ever noticed such Adab with the Almighty Allah? Then he will go on saying:

﴾"Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allah) did command me to say: 'Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.' And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world).* "If You punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."﴿

[Al-Ma'idah', 117-118]

 Some silly people say to you, "This person will be in Hell no question about it", well who you are to say such a thing? Are you his Lord? You can't give an inevitable judgment concerning someone's destination, for this contradicts being a slave to Allah the Almighty.

It is not man's business to evaluate people:

  A Companion fought with the Prophet, peace be upon him, and was seriously injured, so when the Prophet, peace be upon him, came into his house, he had been already dead. Upon his arrival to the house, the Prophet, peace be upon him, heard a woman saying, "Congratulation, O Aba As-Sa'ib! I testify that Allah has honored you." Listen to the words of the Prophet, peace be upon him, which showed his politeness with Allah. He, peace be upon him, said, "Who told you that Allah has honored him? You should say instead, "I hope that Allah will honor you" Then the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, "As for him, death has come to him and I wish him all good from Allah. By Allah, though I am Allah's Apostle, I neither know what will happen to me, nor to you." 

 Judging the inevitable future of the sh3er is not man's business, and this is a rule that you should all know. It is not man's business to evaluate people, to call them names or to throw accusations on them. If you see a good charitable person you should say, "I think he is good and I don't claim the Divine knowledge to know that for sure", and if you see him doing something bad, you should say, "I ask Allah to forgive him and to make him repent". This bad person may repent sincerely and become better than those who criticize him.

Consider the way in which the Prophets addressed the Almighty Allah:

  Unlike our Master Musa, peace be upon him, who offered a good deed by watering for the two women some people brag endlessly about the slightest deed they offer, and they remind people of the favors they do them like saying, "I made him a man". Musa, peace be upon him, said after Allah guided him to do that good deed: 

﴾So he watered (their flocks) for them, then he turned back to shade, and said: "My Lord! Truly, I am in need of whatever good that You bestow on me!"﴿ 

[Al-Qasas, 24]

 Some of the scholars who are interested in the conditions of the heart said, "Boasting about the good deed is a sort of Shirk (polytheism)."

 Our Master Ayub, peace be upon him, said:

﴾"Verily, distress has seized me, and You are the Most Merciful of all those who show mercy."﴿

[Al-Anbiya', 83]

 Our master Adam, peace be upon him, said:

﴾They said: "Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers."﴿

[Al-A'raf, 23]

 The jinn said:

﴾'And we know not whether evil is intended for those on earth, or whether their Lord intends for them a Right Path.﴿

[Al-Jinn, 10]

 Have you noticed how polite the Prophets, peace be upon him, were when they addressed the Almighty Allah?

What does the word "Believer" mean?

  When you say, "a believer" this means "a polite man". Such a man is polite with Allah, with His Prophets, peace be upon them, with respectful scholars and with common people. What can I tell you (about your Prophet's conducts)? A woman used to wait on Al-Masjid An-Nabawi; she used to clean it and sweep it which indicates that she was from the lower-class people. When she died, the improvised opinion of the noble Companions was not to tell the Prophet, peace be upon him, about her death, because they thought that it was not that important. However, when the Prophet, peace be upon him, asked about her, he was told that she died, to which he said, "Why did not you tell me?" Then he went to her grave and offered funeral prayer. His prayer while she was in the grave is considered an exceptional event and one of the rulings which exclusively could be applied by the Prophet, peace be upon him. The Master of mankind was polite with even the person who occupied the lowest position on earth. Hence, the word "believer" means "a polite man"; polite with Allah, with His Prophets, peace be upon them, with those who convey knowledge to people, with other believers and with common people. 

Some scholars' quotes about Al-Adab with Allah:

  One of the scholars said, "He who acts upon the Divine Adab will become one of the people who Allah loves." Another one said, "Al-Adab to Al-'Aaref (the one who knows Allah and acts upon His Order) is like the repentance of the one who resumes his obedience to Allah." Al-'Aaref deals with Allah with the best Adab. It is narrated in the relic that some Companions said to the Prophet, peace be upon him, "Disfigure the infidels' bodies as they did to your uncle (Hamzah)", but he said: 

((I will not disfigure them so that Allah will not disfigure me out of justice even though I am a Prophet.))

 An impolite man joined the assembly of a scholar, so the latter said to him, "O son, we need your Adab more than your knowledge".

Things we learn from this Prophetic Du'a:

  Pay attention to the following Prophetic Du'a which teaches us Al-Adab: 

 Shaddad bin Aws narrated that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said:

(("The chief of prayers for forgiveness is: "O Allah, You are my Lord, none has the right to be worshiped except You, You created me and I am Your servant and I abide to Your covenant and promise as best I can, I take refuge in You from the evil of which I committed. I acknowledge Your favor upon me and I acknowledge my sin, so forgive me, for verily none can forgive sin except You." The Prophet, peace be upon him, added, "If somebody reauthors it during the day with firm faith in it and dies on the same day before the evening, he will be from the people of Paradise and if somebody reauthors it at night with firm faith in it and dies before the morning he will be from the people of Paradise."))

2- Al-Adab with Allah's Orders and Rulings

  Let us tackle Al-Adab with Allah's Orders and Rulings. Allah says: 

﴾And whosoever honours the Symbols of Allah, then it is truly from the piety of the heart.﴿ 

[Al-Hajj, 32]

 In honoring the Symbols of Allah, honoring the rituals of Al-Hajj, honoring the rulings of As-Sawm and honoring the rulings of As-Sadaqah (Alms-giving), lies Al-Adab with Allah's Orders and Rulings:

﴾And whosoever honours the Symbols of Allah, then it is truly from the piety of the heart.﴿

[Al-Hajj, 32]

﴾And whoever honours the sacred things of Allah, then that is better for him with his Lord.﴿

[Al-Hajj, 30]

A brief overview of the current situation of the Muslim world:

  In concise words let me tell you what is wrong with the Muslim world nowadays: They have (Muslims) neglected Allah's Orders, and thus they are neglected by Allah. In other words, they didn't honor Allah's Symbols. One of As-Salaf (the predecessors) said, "He who degrades Al-Adab will be punished by being debarred from performing Sunnan (supregatory acts of worship), he who degrades Sunnan will be punished by being debarred from performing Fara'id (obligatory acts of worship) and he who degrades Fara'id will be punished by being debarred from acquiring knowledge." Hence, the debarment is the effect of impoliteness. A scholar said, "Be polite from outside and inside, for whoever shows impoliteness publicly, will be definitely punished publicly, and whoever shows impoliteness secretly, will be definitely punished secretly. 

2- Al-Adab with the Prophets, peace be upon them all:

  The second category of Al-Adab in this lecture is Al-Adab with Allah's Prophets, peace be upon them all: 

﴾And many a Prophet (i.e. many from amongst the Prophets) fought (in Allah's Cause) and along with him (fought) large bands of religious learned men. But they never lost heart for that which did befall them in Allah's Way, nor did they weaken nor degrade themselves.﴿

[Aal-'Imran, 146]

 They dealt with the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, with great politeness; they never got bored, never complained about anything and never rolled their eyes and said, "La haula wa la quwwata illa billah (There is no power and strength except with Allah)" out of nagging. On the contrary, they were patient, supportive, humble and forbearing:

﴾But they never lost heart for that which did befall them in Allah's Way, nor did they weaken nor degrade themselves. And Allah loves As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.).﴿

[Aal-'Imran, 146]

﴾O you who believe! Do not put (yourselves) forward before Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah. Verily! Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing﴿

[Al-Hujuraat, 1]

 The meaning of "do not put (yourselves) forward before Allah and His Messenger" is do not give suggestions which contradict the Divine Method. A person might say, "I don't think that this Divine ruling is suitable for this era", as if he were a law-giver and as if the Prophet, peace be upon him, did not know that a certain ruling would not be suitable for this era.

They said, "For us this isn't permitted"
Well, who are you to say "for us"?
****

  Hence, it is narrated that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said in a sound Hadith:

 

((But when you see niggardliness being obeyed, passion being followed…))

 It is a reference to the loathsome materialistic point of view. Some people are ready to sell their faith for worldly goods.

An incident:

 A brother, who is interested in cases of major crimes, told me what he once witnessed with his own eyes: "I am a lawyer, and I once had an inheritance lawsuit in which I called for a witness who turned out to be a liar. The lawsuit was about a 60-million property which could easily be transferred to only one of the inhabitants (they would be deprived of it) because of that witness. He was asked to swear putting his hand on the Quran, which he did, and he swore by Allah to tell the truth, but he didn't, he said the opposite."Then the witness said, 'I swear by Allah to tell the truth.' After he finished, he raised his hand in front of me, and then held on to the edge of the table. He left his hand there and stood still, so the judge was bothered by his behavior and asked him to remove his hand, but he couldn't do that because he was dead. When his hand weakened its hold, he fell down to the ground." The judge said, "I witnessed this incident with my eyes": 

﴾…so travel through the earth, and see what was the end of those who disbelieved (in the Oneness of Allah, and disobeyed Him and His Messengers). ﴿ 

[Aal-'Imran, 137]

 Al-Fa'a in the word fasiru (so travel) and the word fandhoru (and see) indicates that those who disbelieved were immediately punished (just like the witness who intended to lie, and so he was punished immediately after he swore the false oath.) In another Ayah Allah says:

﴾Say (O Muhammad, peace be upon him): "Travel in the land and see what was the end of those who rejected truth."﴿

[Al-An'am, 11]

  Sometimes a false witness swore forged false oath (Yameen Ghamoos) which will put him in the Hellfire, but Allah does not punish him immediately after he swore that oath (this is the meaning of thuma ndhuru (and see) in the above mentioned Ayah.)

 

 Al-Adab with the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, is manifested in applying his Sunnah honorably without criticizing it. For instance, someone says, "Why should we circumambulate the Ka'bah seven times?" Another one sarcastically asks, "Why should we offer Sa'i (Sa'i is the devotional act of walking seven times back and forth between the two hills of As-Safa and Al-Marwah. This act retraces the footsteps of Hajar [wife of Ibrahim] while she was looking for water to her newborn)? Someone else asks, "Why are we commanded to offer Salah?" "Why should we offer Sunnan?" He who mocks the Prophetic Sunnah has no sense of Adab with the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him.

In what ways are we motivated through the following Ayat?

  The Almighty said:

 

﴾O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet, peace be upon him, nor speak aloud to him in talk as you speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds may be rendered fruitless while you perceive not.﴿ 

[Al-Hujuraat, 2]

﴾O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor speak aloud to him in talk as you speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds may be rendered fruitless while you perceive not* Verily! Those who lower their voices in the presence of Allah's Messenger, peace be upon him, they are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for piety. For them is forgiveness and a great reward.﴿

[Al-Hujuraat, 2-3]

 The Almighty Allah says:

﴾Make not the calling of the Messenger (Muhammad, peace be upon him) among you as your calling of one another.﴿

[An-Nur, 63]

 Accordingly, the closer to Allah amongst the Companions was the most polite one with the Prophet, peace be upon him, and the closer to Allah among us is the most polite one with the Prophet, peace be upon him. You can be polite with the Prophet, peace be upon him, even after his death:

﴾But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad, peace be upon him) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.﴿

[An-Nisa', 65]

What is the main point in the following Hadith?

 Dear brother:

 

((Irbad bin Sariyah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: One day Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, delivered us a very eloquent Khutbah on account of which eyes shed tears and hearts were full of tears. A man said: "O Prophet of Allah, this is as if it were a parting advice. So advise us". He, peace be upon him, said, "I admonish you to fear Allah, to listen and obey even if an Abyssinian slave is appointed as your leader.)) 

Outstanding incidents in the Prophetic Biography:

  In Sirah (Prophetic Biography), there are wonderful stories. One of which is about an eighteen year old young man who was appointed by the Prophet, peace be upon him, to lead his army in which there were older and respectful Companions like Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali, may Allah be pleased with them. That young man was our master Usama Ibn Zayd. Once he was riding the camel while Abu Bakr who was Al-Khalifah was walking, so Usama said, "O Khalifah of Allah's Messenger, peace be upon him, either you ride the camel (with me) or I will walk (like you)", to which Abu Bakr answered, "By Allah, I will not ride, nor will you get off the camel. It won't hurt me to walk in the sand for an hour for the Sake of Allah." 

 Our master As-Siddiq walked in front of the Prophet, peace be upon him, when they entered Al-Madinah, because he used to make himself an armor to protect the Prophet, peace be upon him, so when he felt that danger would come from behind he used to walk behind him, and if danger would be from his left or right, he used to walk on the Prophet's left or right. Therefore, when the Prophet, peace be upon him, came to Al-Madinah, Abu Bakr walked in front of him, and since the people of Al-Madinah never met the Prophet, peace be upon him, before, they thought that Abu Bakr was the Prophet, so they rushed towards him to welcome him, but what did Abu Bakr do at that moment? He took off his garment and sheltered the Prophet, peace be upon him, with it. Thus, the people knew who the Prophet, peace be upon him, was.

How can one get closer to Allah?

  You sometimes meet a highly educated person who behave foolishly, (I seek refuge with Allah) act recklessly or deal rudely with other people. On the other hand, you may meet a polite person who has great Adab with which he becomes closer to the Almighty Allah. Al-Abbas (the uncle of the Prophet, peace be upon him) was asked, "Who is akbar (akbar in Arabic has more than one meaning; it means older, bigger in size and greater) you or the Prophet, peace be upon him?" He replied, "He, peace be upon him, is akbar (greater) than me, but I was born before him (I am older than him)."

 

 We should treat each sh3er with Adab. You should be polite with the person who is older than you, who has been praying in Masjid before you and who is more knowledgeable than you. Also, you should listen to such people when they talk. A person sometimes talks in the assembly without giving the chance to anyone else to say a word, and the other attendants just keep silent out of Adab. He can say what he has in mind, but at the same time he should let sh3er talk, and he is supposed listen to them. The more the Companions glorified the Prophet, peace be upon him, the more humble he was to them.

((The Prophet, peace be upon him, was once travelling with his Companions. They stopped at a place to have something to eat and then rest. They decided to slaughter a sheep and roast it. One of them said, "I shall do the slaughtering." The other said, "I shall remove the skin." The third one said, "I shall do the roasting."Each one of them volunteered to do one piece of work. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, "I shall collect and bring the firewood from the forest."The companions said, "O Prophet! You need not take the trouble. We shall attend to everything." The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, "I know you can do everything. But I do not like to enjoy a preferential treatment from you. Allah the Almighty does not like to see His servant distinguishing himself from his peers.))

 As I just said: The more the Companions glorified the Prophet, peace be upon him, the more humble he was to them.
What should we deduce from the following As7adeth?
  Let me tell you that you can deduce hundreds of results from the following As7adeth:

 A Bedouin once came and asked, "Who amongst you is Muhammad, peace be upon him?" Did you get it? He didn't sit on a huge special chair, he didn't dress in a way that made him distinguished, he didn't have a special appearance nor did he used to sit on a high place surrounded by pillows. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: "I am Muhammad."

 Also a Bedouin once came and asked, "Who amongst you is Muhammad?" The Companions replied, "This white man reclining on his arm."

 The Prophet, peace be upon him, used to mend his shoes, to milk his goat and to put the bowl for the cat to eat. He used to enter his house with a cheerful face, and he used to crawl on his arms and legs in order to let Al-Hasan and Al-Husain (his grandchildren) ride his back though he was the Master of mankind and the Beloved of Al-Haqq (Allah). He used to greet even the boys when he ran into them, and if they were racing, he would run and race with them. This is really something unbelievable.

I haven't seen a lovely person like you
And no mother have given birth
to a handsome man like you
You were created free from every fault
As if you were created as you wished to be
***

3- AlAdab with the Prophetic heirs (scholars)

 Al-Adab with those who hold the Prophetic heirs is what left to tackle.

((On the authority of 'Ubadah bin Samit (Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, "He is not from amongst my people, who does not have respect for our elders and show mercy to our young and honour our scholars.))

[At-Tabarani in Al-Mu'jam Al-Kabeer and Ahmad in his Musnad]

 Beware, if you do not implement this commandment, you do not belong to the Ummah of the Prophet, peace be upon him.
  Question:
  Narrated by Qais bin Katheer, he said:

((I heard the Prophet, peace be upon him, saying "He who follows a path in quest of knowledge, Allah will make the path of Jannah easy to him. The angels lower their wings over the seeker of knowledge, being pleased with what he does. The inhabitants of the heavens and the earth and even the fish in the depth of the oceans seek forgiveness for him. The superiority of the learned man over the devout worshipper is like that of the full moon to the rest of the stars (i.e., in brightness). The learned are the heirs of the Prophets who bequeath neither dinar nor dirham but only that of knowledge; and he who acquires it, has in fact acquired an abundant portion."))

 What does "and even the fish in the depth of the oceans seek forgiveness for him" mean? I was asked that question once, so I answered the enquirer saying, "When the believer buys a fish which is fished out before him, he never lets the fisherman clean it until it is dead (he is merciful even to the animals)" Some people open its belly and take out its guts while it is still alive, and thus they torture it twice, whereas the believer has mercy on creatures and on this fish, so when he buys it, he refuses to let it be cleaned while it is still alive.

The difference between the knowledgeable and the devout worshipper:

((Abu Umamah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said, "The superiority of the learned over the devout worshipper is like my superiority over the most inferior amongst you (in good deeds)." He went on to say, "Allah, His angels, the dwellers of the heaven and the earth, and even the ant in its hole and the fish (in water) supplicate in favor of those who teach people knowledge."))

[At-Tirmizi in his Sunan]

Some of the believer's characteristics:

  Let me tell you what once happened to a missioner, whom I think is a righteous man, and I will never claim the Divine knowledge to know that for sure, but he is an upright good person. While he was driving his car, his scratched someone's car with his, so he left a paper to the owner of that car in which he wrote his name and phone number in order to repair it. When its owner came, he bad mouthed this man, he was rude in his words and he said other things which were not suitable to be said to such a good person. The next day, the owner of the car was in his farm in Damascus suburb, and he invited his friends, but one of them couldn't find his way to the farm, so he called that friend asking him to be in a certain place. The owner of the car rushed to meet him, and he drove his car in front of his friend's car, but he was hit by a vehicle in an accident, and he suffered from paraplegia though he was still young. Hence, don't be impolite with someone who brings benefits to people and don't be rude to him. 

 I repeat: Al-Adab should be with Allah, with His Messengers, peace be upon them, with His Orders and with people of knowledge. As we said previously, Al-Adab marks the believer, so it should be with knowledge seekers as well. Also, the teachers should be humble with their students and the latter should be humble with their teachers. Moreover, Al-Adab should be with the elders.

 The Prophet, peace be upon him, said:

((The blessing is with your elder ones (referring to the major scholars).))

 In another Hadith, the Prophet, peace be upon him, said:

((He is not one of us who shows no mercy to younger ones and does not acknowledge the honour due to our elders.))

  Pay attention to the following Hadith:

((Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said, "It is out of reverence to Allah in respecting an aged Muslim, and the one who commits the Quran to memory and does not exaggerate pronouncing its letters nor forgets it after memorizing, and to respect the just ruler."))

[Abu Dawood in his Sunan]

 He is not only a scholar, but also an old fasting, praying, upright Muslim. Besides, he has good conducts.

((It is out of reverence to Allah in respecting an aged Muslim, and the one who commits the Quran to memory and does not exaggerate pronouncing its letters nor forgets it after memorizing, and to respect the just ruler.))

Duty you should fulfill:

  If a deputy governor, who has a good reputation, he is upright, just and humble, he respects people and he solves their problems, comes into a room, you should stand up for him out of respect because he does not do anything against Allah's Method. Let alone he is just and upright. There is no harm in respecting a person who is appointed to govern you (if he is upright and just), without buttering up to him, without exaggerating in flattering him and without treating him rudely. 

((It is out of reverence to Allah in respecting an aged Muslim, and the one who commits the Quran to memory and does not exaggerate pronouncing its letters nor forgets it after memorizing, and to respect the just ruler.)) 

4- Al-Adab with common people:

  Now we will tackle Al-Adab with common people: It is enough for us to learn from Al-Adab of our Master Yusuf, peace be upon him, with his brother. Allah says: 

﴾And he raised his parents to the throne and they fell down before him prostrate. And he said: "O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream aforetime! My Lord has made it come true! He was indeed good to me, when He took me out of the prison,﴿ 

[Yusuf, 100]

 Which is more dangerous, the well or the prison? His life was not endangered in jail, but death and demise were waiting for him in the well. Yet, he never reminded his brother of the well or their crime. Allah says:

﴾and brought you (all here) out of the bedouin-life﴿

[Yusuf, 100]

  He didn't say, "You are poor and starving, and I brought you to here to give you food", but rather he said, "Allah brought you out of the bedouin-life". Also, he didn't say, "My brother oppressed me", but he said, "after Shaitan (Satan) had sown enmity between me and my brother". Hence, learn AlAdab from the Prophets, peace be upon them. Allah says:

 

﴾He was indeed good to me, when He took me out of the prison, and brought you (all here) out of the bedouin-life, after Shaitan (Satan) had sown enmity between me and my brother.﴿

 

[Yusuf, 100]

  When you look at the faces of about twenty people, and you see that none amongst them can be feared in Allah's Cause, then you should know that the situation (of Muslims) is actually going to the worst. This is why in the end times a thousand are nothing, whereas one of the companions equaled one thousand people.

Conclusion:

  Let me finish this lecture by the following: Our Master As-Siddeeq received a letter from our Master Khalid asking him to send him reinforcement of 50.000 soldiers for the Battle of Nahawand (Khalid's army was about 30.000 fighting against 300.000 Persian soldiers). Abu Bakr responded by sending one man only named Al-Qa'qa' bin Amr. Khalid asked the man, "Where are the soldiers?" The man said, "It is only me" to which Khalid responded, "You?!", then he opened a letter sent by As-Siddiq in which he wrote, "By Allah who sent His Messenger, peace be upon him, with the truth, an army with the ranks of those like Al-Q'aqa' will never be forsaken by Allah."The army, by Allah's Will, defeated the Persians with the support of that man. 

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